familiar

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See also: familiär

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin familiāris (pertaining to servants; pertaining to the household). Doublet of familial.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /fəˈmɪl.i.ə/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /fəˈmɪl.jɚ/, /fəˈmɪl.i.ɚ/, /fɚˈmɪl.jɚ/
  • (US)
    (file)

Adjective[edit]

familiar (comparative more familiar, superlative most familiar)

  1. Known to one, or generally known; commonplace.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 20, in The China Governess[1]:
      The story struck the depressingly familiar note with which true stories ring in the tried ears of experienced policemen. No one queried it. It was in the classic pattern of human weakness, mean and embarrassing and sad.
    • 2013 July 20, “Welcome to the plastisphere”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8845:
      Plastics are energy-rich substances, which is why many of them burn so readily. Any organism that could unlock and use that energy would do well in the Anthropocene. Terrestrial bacteria and fungi which can manage this trick are already familiar to experts in the field.
    there’s a familiar face; that tune sounds familiar
  2. Acquainted.
    I'm quite familiar with this system; she's not familiar with manual gears
  3. Intimate or friendly.
    we are not on familiar terms; our neighbour is not familiar
  4. Inappropriately intimate or friendly.
    Don’t be familiar with me, boy!
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Camden to this entry?)
  5. Of or pertaining to a family; familial.
    • (Can we date this quote by Byron and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      familiar feuds

Synonyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

familiar (plural familiars)

  1. An attendant spirit, often in animal or even demon form.
    The witch’s familiar was a black cat.
  2. (obsolete) A member of one's family or household.
  3. A member of a pope's or bishop's household.
  4. (obsolete) A close friend.
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd corrected and augmented edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970:
      , II.i.4.2:
      [A] friend of mine, that finding a receipt in Brassavola, would needs take hellebore in substance, and try it on his own person; but had not some of his familiars come to visit him by chance, he had by his indiscretion hazarded himself; many such I have observed.
  5. (historical) The officer of the Inquisition who arrested suspected people.

Synonyms[edit]

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Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin familiāris.

Adjective[edit]

familiar (masculine and feminine plural familiars)

  1. familiar

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

familiar m or f (plural familiars)

  1. relative

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin familiāris.

Adjective[edit]

familiar m or f (plural familiares)

  1. of family
  2. close, familiar
  3. daily, plain

Noun[edit]

familiar m (plural familiares)

  1. relative

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Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

familiar m

  1. indefinite plural of familie

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin familiāris.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

familiar m or f (plural familiares, comparable)

  1. familiar (known to one)
  2. of or relating to a family

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

familiar m (plural familiares)

  1. (usually in the plural) relative (person in the same family)
  2. familiar (attendant spirit)
    Synonym: espírito familiar

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • familiar” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin familiāris.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

familiar (plural familiares)

  1. familial, family
  2. close, familiar
  3. daily, plain
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

familiar m (plural familiares)

  1. relative

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]