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See also: fístula and fistulă


an artificially-created radiocephalic fistula

Alternative forms[edit]


Borrowed from Latin fistula (pipe, ulcer, catheter), from findō (cleave, divide, split).


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈfɪs.tjə.lə/, /ˈfɪs.tʃʊ.lə/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈfɪs.tjə.lə/, /ˈfɪs.tʃu.lə/
  • (file)


fistula (plural fistulas or fistulae or fistulæ)

  1. (medicine) An abnormal connection or passageway between organs or vessels that normally do not connect.
    • 1903, William Rice Pryor, Gynæcology, page 113
      Small fistulæ are to be closed bilaterally in an antero-posterior line []
    • 1917, Louis Adolph Merillat, Fistula of the Withers and Poll-Evil, page 5
      There are several reasons why a manual on this disease should be a part of the veterinary literature of the day, the chief one being that fistula of the withers is a very prevalent disease of horses and thus exacts a big toll from the horse industry.
    • 1998, Scott Fisher, Enterocutaneous Fistulas, in Theodore J. Saclarides, Keith W. Millikan (editors), Common Surgical Diseases: An Algorithmic Approach to Problem Solving, page 164,
      Fistulas are abnormal communications between two epithelialized surfaces. The causes of enterocutaneous fistulas can be remembered using the mnemonic FRIEND: Foreign body, Radiation, Inflammation/Infection/Inflammatory bowel disease, Epithelialization, Neoplasm, and Distal obstruction. Fifteen to twenty-five percent of enterocutaneous fistulas arise spontaneously as in, for example, Crohn's disease or cancer.
    • 2008, Sylvia Escott-Stump, Nutrition and Diagnosis-related Care, page 405
      An intestinal fistula is an unwanted pathway from intestines to other organs (e.g., the bladder).
  2. (rare) A tube, a pipe, or a hole.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (medicine): The skin is regarded as an organ, so the definition includes the abnormal connection of an internal organ to the body's exterior (as in, for example, enterocutaneous fistulas).
  • Sometimes, a fistula will be intentionally created; for example, an arteriovenous fistula is sometimes created to ease the treatment of a patient with end stage renal failure.


Derived terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]



< Latin



  1. (pathology) fistula (abnormal connection or passageway between organs or vessels)
  2. (rare) fistula (thin tube or pipe, especially a metallic straw used to sip sacramental wine)


Inflection of fistula (Kotus type 12/kulkija, no gradation)
nominative fistula fistulat
genitive fistulan fistuloiden
partitive fistulaa fistuloita
illative fistulaan fistuloihin
singular plural
nominative fistula fistulat
accusative nom. fistula fistulat
gen. fistulan
genitive fistulan fistuloiden
partitive fistulaa fistuloita
inessive fistulassa fistuloissa
elative fistulasta fistuloista
illative fistulaan fistuloihin
adessive fistulalla fistuloilla
ablative fistulalta fistuloilta
allative fistulalle fistuloille
essive fistulana fistuloina
translative fistulaksi fistuloiksi
instructive fistuloin
abessive fistulatta fistuloitta
comitative fistuloineen





From findō (cleave, divide, split).



fistula f (genitive fistulae); first declension

  1. pipe, tube, especially a water pipe
  2. hollow reed or cane
  3. (music) shepherd's pipe, pipes of Pan
  4. fistula, ulcer
  5. catheter
  6. shoemaker's punch
  7. a kind of hand mill for grinding grain


First declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative fistula fistulae
Genitive fistulae fistulārum
Dative fistulae fistulīs
Accusative fistulam fistulās
Ablative fistulā fistulīs
Vocative fistula fistulae

Related terms[edit]