From Middle English flawme, flaume, flaumbe, blend of Old French flame and flambe, flamble, the first from Latin flamma, the second from Latin flammula, diminutive of flamma, both from pre-Latin *fladma; akin to Old English glēd (“ember”); ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰlē- (“to shimmer, gleam, shine”).
- The visible part of fire; a stream of burning vapour or gas, emitting light and heat.
- 1907, Robert William Chambers, chapter III, in The Younger Set, New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, OCLC 24962326:
- Long after his cigar burnt bitter, he sat with eyes fixed on the blaze. When the flames at last began to flicker and subside, his lids fluttered, then drooped; but he had lost all reckoning of time when he opened them again to find Miss Erroll in furs and ball-gown kneeling on the hearth […].
- 2013 July-August, Henry Petroski, “Geothermal Energy”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 4:
- Energy has seldom been found where we need it when we want it. Ancient nomads, wishing to ward off the evening chill and enjoy a meal around a campfire, had to collect wood and then spend time and effort coaxing the heat of friction out from between sticks to kindle a flame.
- A romantic partner or lover in a usually short-lived but passionate affair.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Thackeray to this entry?)
- (Internet) Intentionally insulting criticism or remark meant to incite anger.
- A brilliant reddish orange-gold fiery colour. flame colour:
- (music, chiefly lutherie) The contrasting light and dark figure seen in wood used for stringed instrument making; the curl.
- The cello has a two-piece back with a beautiful narrow flame.
- Burning zeal, passion, imagination, excitement, or anger.
- 1667, John Milton, “Book 5”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker […] [a]nd by Robert Boulter […] [a]nd Matthias Walker, […], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
- in a flame of zeal severe
- 1717, Alexander Pope, Eloisa to Abelard:
- where flames refin'd in breasts seraphic glow
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Coleridge to this entry?)
- To produce flames; to burn with a flame or blaze.
- c. 1608–1609, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Coriolanus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene iii]:
- The main blaze of it is past, but a small thing would make it flame again.
- To burst forth like flame; to break out in violence of passion; to be kindled with zeal or ardour.
- 1848, Thomas Babington Macaulay, chapter 2, in The History of England from the Accession of James II:
- He flamed with indignation.
- (Internet, transitive, intransitive) To post a destructively critical or abusive message (to somebody).
- I flamed him for spamming in my favourite newsgroup.
- 2019, Steven McCornack & Kelly Morrison, Reflect & Relate, 5th edition
- Because online communication makes it easy to flame, many of us impetuously fire off messages that we later regret.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
flame (not comparable)
- (reds) red; blood red, brick red, burgundy, cardinal, carmine, carnation, cerise, cherry, cherry red, Chinese red, cinnabar, claret, crimson, damask, fire brick, fire engine red, flame, flamingo, fuchsia, garnet, geranium, gules, hot pink, incarnadine, Indian red, magenta, maroon, misty rose, nacarat, oxblood, pillar-box red, pink, Pompeian red, poppy, raspberry, red violet, rose, rouge, ruby, ruddy, salmon, sanguine, scarlet, shocking pink, stammel, strawberry, Turkey red, Venetian red, vermillion, vinaceous, vinous, violet red, wine (Category: en:Reds)
- first-person singular present indicative of
- third-person singular present indicative of
- first-person singular present subjunctive of
- third-person singular present subjunctive of
- second-person singular imperative of
- Alternative form of
- Alternative form of
- circa 1250, Rutebeuf, Ci encoumence la complainte d ou conte huede de nevers:
- Senz redouteir l'infernal flame
- Without fearing the infernal flame