flavus

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Esperanto[edit]

Verb[edit]

flavus

  1. conditional of flavi

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *flāwos, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰl̥h₁wós, from *bʰel- (light, bright) (whence Russian белый (belyj), Sanskrit भर्ग (bharga), English blue) + *-wós (whence Latin -vus). Cognate with Proto-Celtic *blāwos "yellow" and Proto-Germanic *blēwaz "blue".

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

flāvus (feminine flāva, neuter flāvum, comparative flāvior, superlative flāvissimus); first/second-declension adjective

  1. yellow, golden
  2. blond, flaxen

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative flāvus flāva flāvum flāvī flāvae flāva
Genitive flāvī flāvae flāvī flāvōrum flāvārum flāvōrum
Dative flāvō flāvō flāvīs
Accusative flāvum flāvam flāvum flāvōs flāvās flāva
Ablative flāvō flāvā flāvō flāvīs
Vocative flāve flāva flāvum flāvī flāvae flāva

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • flāvulus Neapolitan: yavolo (pallid) (dialect of Irpino)
  • >? French: flou (disputed; see etymology for discussion)
  • Italian: flavo
  • Portuguese: flavo
  • Spanish: flavo
  • Esperanto: flava
  • Ido: flava

See also[edit]

Colors in Latin · colōrēs (layout · text)
     candidus, albus, niveus, cēreus, marmoreus, eburneus, cānus      rāvus, pullus, cinereus, cineraceus, plumbeusgrīseus (ML. or NL.)      āter, niger, piceus
             pūniceusmurrinus, rūfus, ruber, russus, rubrīcus, mulleus; cocceus, coccīnus, badius              rutilus, armeniacus, auranteus, aurantiacus; fuscus, colōrius, cervīnus, spādīx              gilvus, helvus, fulvus, flāvus, croceus, pallidus, lūteus, blondinus (ML.)
             galbus, galbinus, lūridus              viridis              prasinus
             cȳaneus              caeruleus, azurīnus (ML.), blavus (ML.)              glaucus; līvidus; venetus
             violāceus, ianthinus, balaustīnus (NL.)              ostrīnus, amethystīnus              purpureus, ātropurpureus, roseus, rosāceus

References[edit]

  • flavus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • flavus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • flavus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • flavus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • flavus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • flavus”, in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray