formal

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See also: formál and formål

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English formel, borrowed from Old French formel, from Latin formalis, from forma (form); see form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

formal (comparative more formal, superlative most formal)

  1. Being in accord with established forms.
    She spoke formal English, without any dialect.
  2. Official.
    I'd like to make a formal complaint.
  3. Relating to the form or structure of something.
    Formal linguistics ignores the vocabulary of languages and focuses solely on their grammar.
    • 1978, Heikki Seppä, Form Emphasis for Metalsmiths, [Kent, Oh.]: Kent State University Press, →ISBN, page 1:
      THE THREE DOMINANT FORMS IN METALSMITHING [] At present, there are but three basic volumetric forms dominating the work of metalsmiths, the spherical (usually in its most practical form, the domical), the cylindrical, and the cubical. [] The possibilities for further variations on them are all but exhausted, there being little chance to express new and unusual ideas within the framework of such limited choices. As a result, much of twentieth-century metalsmithing has relied on surface enrichment rather than formal development for its originality.
  4. Relating to formation.
    The formal stage is a critical part of any child's development.
  5. Ceremonial or traditional.
    Formal wear must be worn at my wedding!
  6. Proper, according to strict etiquette; not casual.
    He's always very formal, and I wish he'd relax a bit.
  7. Organized; well-structured and planned.
    When they became a formal club the rowers built a small boathouse.
  8. (mathematics) Relating to mere manipulation and construction of strings of symbols, without regard to their meaning.
    Formal series are defined without any reference to convergence.

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Noun[edit]

formal (countable and uncountable, plural formals)

  1. (uncountable) Formalin.
  2. An evening gown.
  3. An event with a formal dress code.
    Jenny took Sam to her Year 12 formal.
  4. (programming) A formal parameter.

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin fōrmālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

formal (masculine and feminine plural formals)

  1. formal

Derived terms[edit]

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Further reading[edit]


Crimean Tatar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin formalis, from forma (form).

Adjective[edit]

formal

  1. formal

References[edit]

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Galician[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Latin formalis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

formal m (plural formais)

  1. site, plot
    • 1290, M. Lucas Álvarez P. Lucas Domínguez (eds.), El monasterio de San Clodio do Ribeiro en la Edad Media: estudio y documentos. Sada / A Coruña: Edicións do Castro, page 415:
      damos a uos que tenades de nos essa cassa en que uos ora morades en Eyres, con seu saydo et con todo o formal dessa casa, asi como esta çerrada de muro ao tenpo da era desta carta.
      we give you, for you to have, that house where you now dwell in Eires, with its garden and with the whole plot of that house, as it is enclosed with a wall at the time of this charter
  2. foundation, ruin
  3. mould for the production of tiles

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Latin formalis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

formal m, f (plural formais)

  1. formal
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  • formal” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • formal” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • formal” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • formal” in Santamarina, Antón (dir.), Ernesto González Seoane, María Álvarez de la Granja: Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega (v 4.0). Santiago: ILG.
  • formal” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Form +‎ -al

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

formal (comparative formaler, superlative am formalsten)

  1. formal (being in accord with established forms)

Usage notes[edit]

Not to be confused with formell. The adjectives formell and informell express the presence or absence of ceremonies: ein informelles Treffen is a meeting in a near-private context. The adjective formal stresses the outward appearance (pro forma) as opposed to the content or the spirit.

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin formalis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!
  • Hyphenation: for‧mal

Adjective[edit]

formal m, f (plural formais, comparable)

  1. formal (being in accord with established forms)
  2. formal (official)
  3. formal (relating to the form or structure of something)
  4. formal (ceremonial)
  5. (logic) formal (involving mere manipulations of symbols)

Further reading[edit]

  • formal in Dicionário Aberto based on Novo Diccionário da Língua Portuguesa de Cândido de Figueiredo, 1913

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French formel, Latin formalis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

formal m, n (feminine singular formală, masculine plural formali, feminine and neuter plural formale)

  1. formal

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin formalis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /forˈmal/
  • Hyphenation: for‧mal

Adjective[edit]

formal (plural formales)

  1. formal

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]