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Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Old English forniman (to take away, deprive of, plunder, waste, devastate, destroy, consume, annul, disfigure, overcome), from Proto-Germanic *farnemaną, *franemaną (to take away, hear, learn), equivalent to for- +‎ nimen.

Cognate with West Frisian fornimme (to learn, hear, find out), Dutch vernemen (to learn, hear, find out, understand), German vernehmen (to hear, learn, question, examine), Swedish förnimma (to apprehend, perceive, notice). More at for-, nim.


fornimen (third-person singular simple present fornimeth, present participle fornimende, past singular fornom, past plural fornomen, past participle fornomen)

  1. (transitive) to take away, remove; deprive
  2. (transitive) to destroy, do away with, fordo
  3. (transitive) to encroach upon


Derived terms[edit]