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From Latin fractus.


fractus (plural fracti)

  1. (meteorology) A cloud species which consists of broken shreds of cloud; scud.[1]
    • 2013, C. Donald Ahrens, Robert Henson, Meteorology Today, 11th Edition, Cengage Learning, page 130,
      FIGURE 5.17 [] The ragged-appearing clouds beneath the nimbostratus are stratus fractus, or scud.

Usage notes[edit]

Associated with the cloud genera cumulus and stratus. That is, one may speak of cumulus fractus and stratus fractus (respectively, formerly called fractocumulus and fractostratus).

Related terms[edit]


  1. ^ "fractus" on American Meteorological Society Glossary of Meteorology

Further reading[edit]



Perfect passive participle of frangō (break, fragment).


frāctus (feminine frācta, neuter frāctum); first/second-declension participle

  1. broken, shattered, having been broken.
  2. vanquished, defeated, having been defeated.


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative frāctus frācta frāctum frāctī frāctae frācta
Genitive frāctī frāctae frāctī frāctōrum frāctārum frāctōrum
Dative frāctō frāctō frāctīs
Accusative frāctum frāctam frāctum frāctōs frāctās frācta
Ablative frāctō frāctā frāctō frāctīs
Vocative frācte frācta frāctum frāctī frāctae frācta

comparative: frāctior, superlative: frāctissimus.

Related terms[edit]


  • Aromanian: frãmtu
  • Friulian: frant
  • Galician: freita, afreitas
  • Italian: franto, fratto
  • Ladin: frant


  • fractus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • fractus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • fractus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • fractus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be cast down, discouraged, in despair: animo esse humili, demisso (more strongly animo esse fracto, perculso et abiecto) (Att. 3. 2)
    • (ambiguous) to be completely prostrated by fear: metu fractum et debilitatum, perculsum esse