fretum

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from Latin fretum (strait, channel)

Noun[edit]

fretum (plural freta)

  1. strait; channel.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (to brew, boil) with the suffix *-eto-, but the zero-grade is inexplicable. In this case related to ferveō, fretāle and dēfrutum[1].[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fretum n (genitive fretī); second declension

  1. strait, sound, estuary, channel.
    • Marcus Tullius Cicero, Against Vatinius Ch. 5:
      venerisne ad fretum per Mauretaniam?
      did you come to the strait via Mauritania?
  2. the seas.
    • Publius Vergilius Maro, Eclogues 1:
      et freta destituent nūdōs in lītore piscēs
      and the seas shall leave their fish bare on the shore
  3. turmoil

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative fretum freta
Genitive fretī fretōrum
Dative fretō fretīs
Accusative fretum freta
Ablative fretō fretīs
Vocative fretum freta

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) , “bh(e)rēi-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 132-133
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) , “fretum”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 242