fungua

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Swahili[edit]

Verb[edit]

-fungua (infinitive kufungua)

  1. Conversive form of -funga: to open, to unfasten

Derived terms[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -fungua
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kufungua kutofungua
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative fungua fungueni
Habitual hufungua
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilifungua
nalifungua
tulifungua
twalifungua
ulifungua
walifungua
mlifungua
mwalifungua
alifungua walifungua ulifungua ilifungua lilifungua yalifungua kilifungua vilifungua ilifungua zilifungua ulifungua kulifungua palifungua mulifungua
Relative niliofungua
naliofungua
tuliofungua
twaliofungua
uliofungua
waliofungua
mliofungua
mwaliofungua
aliofungua waliofungua uliofungua iliofungua liliofungua yaliofungua kiliofungua viliofungua iliofungua ziliofungua uliofungua kuliofungua paliofungua muliofungua
Negative sikufungua hatukufungua hukufungua hamkufungua hakufungua hawakufungua haukufungua haikufungua halikufungua hayakufungua hakikufungua havikufungua haikufungua hazikufungua haukufungua hakukufungua hapakufungua hamukufungua
Present
Positive ninafungua
nafungua
tunafungua unafungua mnafungua anafungua wanafungua unafungua inafungua linafungua yanafungua kinafungua vinafungua inafungua zinafungua unafungua kunafungua panafungua munafungua
Relative ninaofungua
naofungua
tunaofungua unaofungua mnaofungua anaofungua wanaofungua unaofungua inaofungua linaofungua yanaofungua kinaofungua vinaofungua inaofungua zinaofungua unaofungua kunaofungua panaofungua munaofungua
Negative sifungui hatufungui hufungui hamfungui hafungui hawafungui haufungui haifungui halifungui hayafungui hakifungui havifungui haifungui hazifungui haufungui hakufungui hapafungui hamufungui
Future
Positive nitafungua tutafungua utafungua mtafungua atafungua watafungua utafungua itafungua litafungua yatafungua kitafungua vitafungua itafungua zitafungua utafungua kutafungua patafungua mutafungua
Relative nitakaofungua tutakaofungua utakaofungua mtakaofungua atakaofungua watakaofungua utakaofungua itakaofungua litakaofungua yatakaofungua kitakaofungua vitakaofungua itakaofungua zitakaofungua utakaofungua kutakaofungua patakaofungua mutakaofungua
Negative sitafungua hatutafungua hutafungua hamtafungua hatafungua hawatafungua hautafungua haitafungua halitafungua hayatafungua hakitafungua havitafungua haitafungua hazitafungua hautafungua hakutafungua hapatafungua hamutafungua
Subjunctive
Positive nifungue tufungue ufungue mfungue afungue wafungue ufungue ifungue lifungue yafungue kifungue vifungue ifungue zifungue ufungue kufungue pafungue mufungue
Negative nisifungue tusifungue usifungue msifungue asifungue wasifungue usifungue isifungue lisifungue yasifungue kisifungue visifungue isifungue zisifungue usifungue kusifungue pasifungue musifungue
Present Conditional
Positive ningefungua tungefungua ungefungua mngefungua angefungua wangefungua ungefungua ingefungua lingefungua yangefungua kingefungua vingefungua ingefungua zingefungua ungefungua kungefungua pangefungua mungefungua
Negative nisingefungua
singefungua
tusingefungua
hatungefungua
usingefungua
hungefungua
msingefungua
hamngefungua
asingefungua
hangefungua
wasingefungua
hawangefungua
usingefungua
haungefungua
isingefungua
haingefungua
lisingefungua
halingefungua
yasingefungua
hayangefungua
kisingefungua
hakingefungua
visingefungua
havingefungua
isingefungua
haingefungua
zisingefungua
hazingefungua
usingefungua
haungefungua
kusingefungua
hakungefungua
pasingefungua
hapangefungua
musingefungua
hamungefungua
Past Conditional
Positive ningalifungua tungalifungua ungalifungua mngalifungua angalifungua wangalifungua ungalifungua ingalifungua lingalifungua yangalifungua kingalifungua vingalifungua ingalifungua zingalifungua ungalifungua kungalifungua pangalifungua mungalifungua
Negative nisingalifungua
singalifungua
tusingalifungua
hatungalifungua
usingalifungua
hungalifungua
msingalifungua
hamngalifungua
asingalifungua
hangalifungua
wasingalifungua
hawangalifungua
usingalifungua
haungalifungua
isingalifungua
haingalifungua
lisingalifungua
halingalifungua
yasingalifungua
hayangalifungua
kisingalifungua
hakingalifungua
visingalifungua
havingalifungua
isingalifungua
haingalifungua
zisingalifungua
hazingalifungua
usingalifungua
haungalifungua
kusingalifungua
hakungalifungua
pasingalifungua
hapangalifungua
musingalifungua
hamungalifungua
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelifungua tungelifungua ungelifungua mngelifungua angelifungua wangelifungua ungelifungua ingelifungua lingelifungua yangelifungua kingelifungua vingelifungua ingelifungua zingelifungua ungelifungua kungelifungua pangelifungua mungelifungua
General Relative
Positive nifunguao tufunguao ufunguao mfunguao afunguao wafunguao ufunguao ifunguao lifunguao yafunguao kifunguao vifunguao ifunguao zifunguao ufunguao kufunguao pafunguao mufunguao
Negative nisiofungua tusiofungua usiofungua msiofungua asiofungua wasiofungua usiofungua isiofungua lisiofungua yasiofungua kisiofungua visiofungua isiofungua zisiofungua usiofungua kusiofungua pasiofungua musiofungua
Gnomic
Positive nafungua twafungua wafungua mwafungua afungua wafungua wafungua yafungua lafungua yafungua chafungua vyafungua yafungua zafungua wafungua kwafungua pafungua mwafungua
Perfect
Positive nimefungua tumefungua umefungua mmefungua amefungua wamefungua umefungua imefungua limefungua yamefungua kimefungua vimefungua imefungua zimefungua umefungua kumefungua pamefungua mumefungua
"Already"
Positive nimeshafungua tumeshafungua umeshafungua mmeshafungua ameshafungua wameshafungua umeshafungua imeshafungua limeshafungua yameshafungua kimeshafungua vimeshafungua imeshafungua zimeshafungua umeshafungua kumeshafungua pameshafungua mumeshafungua
"Not yet"
Negative sijafungua hatujafungua hujafungua hamjafungua hajafungua hawajafungua haujafungua haijafungua halijafungua hayajafungua hakijafungua havijafungua haijafungua hazijafungua haujafungua hakujafungua hapajafungua hamujafungua
"If/When"
Positive nikifungua tukifungua ukifungua mkifungua akifungua wakifungua ukifungua ikifungua likifungua yakifungua kikifungua vikifungua ikifungua zikifungua ukifungua kukifungua pakifungua mukifungua
"If not"
Negative nisipofungua tusipofungua usipofungua msipofungua asipofungua wasipofungua usipofungua isipofungua lisipofungua yasipofungua kisipofungua visipofungua isipofungua zisipofungua usipofungua kusipofungua pasipofungua musipofungua
Consecutive
Positive nikafungua tukafungua ukafungua mkafungua akafungua wakafungua ukafungua ikafungua likafungua yakafungua kikafungua vikafungua ikafungua zikafungua ukafungua kukafungua pakafungua mukafungua
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.