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Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Germanic *gaisnijaz ‎(barren, poor), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰē- ‎(to be gaping, yawn). Cognate with North Frisian gast ‎(barren), Low German güst ‎(barren), Old High German geisini, keisini ‎(lack).




  1. deprived of, wanting, destitute, barren, sterile, dead, void, lifeless
    • Ðis geár wæs gǽsne on mæstene — This year was barren in mast-fruit
    • Hirdas lǽgon gǽsne on greóte — The keepers lay lifeless on the sand


Weak Strong
case singular plural case singular plural
m n f m n f m n f
nominative gǣsna gǣsne gǣsne gǣsnan nom. gǣsne gǣsne gǣsnu gǣsne gǣsnu, -e gǣsna, -e
accusative gǣsnan gǣsne gǣsnan acc. gǣsnne gǣsne gǣsne gǣsne gǣsnu, -e gǣsna, -e
genitive gǣsnan gǣsnra, gǣsnena gen. gǣsnes gǣsnes gǣsnre gǣsnra
dative gǣsnan gǣsnum dat. gǣsnum gǣsnum gǣsnre gǣsnum
instrumental gǣsne



  • 1916, John R. Clark, "A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary for the Use of Students", gæsne
  • 2010, J. Bosworth, An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary Online (T. N. Toller & Others, Eds.), gæsne