gairid

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Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish garait (short).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gairid (genitive singular masculine gairid, genitive singular feminine gairide, plural gairide, comparative gairide)

  1. short (having a small distance between ends or edges; having little duration)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gairid ghairid ngairid
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *garyeti, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵeh₂r-; cognate with Latin garriō (chatter).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gairid (conjunct ·gair, verbal noun gairm)

  1. (rare) to call
    • c. 750-800, Torche na nDessi from Laud 610, published in "The Expulsion of the Déssi", Ériu 3 (1907), edited by Kuno Meyer, pp. 135-142, line 171
      "Gairthir [Congraid, Rawl.] damsa tra," ar Lugith, "bar n-drúidi .i. Droch ⁊ Cecht." Con·gairter dó.
      "Call to me, then," Lugaid said, "all your druids, including Droch and Cecht." They were called to him.
    • c. 775, Táin Bó Fraích from the Book of Leinster, published in Táin bó Fraích (1974, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited by Wolfgang Meid, line 262
      "Gairid damsa Findabair!", ol sé. Do·tháet Findabair cucai, ⁊ coíca ingen impe.
      "Call Findabair over to me!" [Ailill] said. Findabair came to [Ailill], with fifty maidens around her.
    Synonym: do·gair

Usage notes[edit]

  • This simple verb, despite its relatively basic meaning, was uncommon in Old Irish. It tends to appear in fiction, more often than not. The verb is not attested in the glosses; instead, do·gair appears where gairid would be expected. It appears once in Táin Bó Fraích, once in the Táin Bó Cúailnge, a few times in Aislinge Óenguso, once in the Laud version of The Expulsion of the Déisi, and once in a poem dating to circa 600. Gairid proper appeared more often in Middle Irish.

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Irish: gairid

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
gairid gairid
pronounced with /ɣ(ʲ)-/
ngairid
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]