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See also: giessen and Gießen


gießen — to pour (1)
Goldgießen — gold pouring (1,2)

Alternative forms[edit]


From Middle High German giezen, from Old High German giozan, from Proto-West Germanic *geutan (to pour).

Akin to Dutch gieten, Old Saxon giotan, Old English ġēotan, Old Norse gjóta (whence Danish gyde, Swedish gjuta), Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐌿𐍄𐌰𐌽 (giutan). Compare English gush.

Further Indo-European cognates include Latin fundō (to pour, to smelt), Ancient Greek χέω (khéō, to pour) and Sanskrit जुहोति (juhóti, he sacrifices). More at geysa, yote and found.

The sense of pouring metals and glasses is attested since Old High German times through the participle gigozzan (poured, smelted, made by casting).[1]


  • IPA(key): /ˈɡiːsən/, [ˈɡiːsən], [ˈɡiːsn̩]
  • (file)
  • (file)


gießen (class 2 strong, third-person singular present gießt, past tense goss, past participle gegossen, past subjunctive gösse, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to pour; usually only of liquids, especially of large quantities
    Synonym: schütten (preferred with small quantities, also used of solids)
    Das Öl wird in die Tanks gegossen.The oil is poured into the tanks.
  2. (transitive) to pour; to cast; to found (shape molten metal or glass by pouring)
    Die Statue wurde vom Künstler selbst gegossen.The statue was cast by the artist himself.
    Stahlgießensteel pouring
  3. (transitive, horticulture) to water
    die Blumen gießento water the flowers
    Gießkannewatering can
  4. (impersonal, intransitive, of rain) to pour down; to rain strongly
    Synonym: schütten
    Es gießt.It’s pouring.
    Es gießt wie aus Kübeln/Eimern.It’s raining cats and dogs. (literally, “It’s pouring as though out of buckets.”)


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  1. ^ Wolfgang Pfeifer, editor (1993), “Kante”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Deutschen (in German), 2nd edition, Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • gießen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • gießen” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • gießen” in Duden online
  • gießen” in