gift

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See also: Gift and GIFT

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English gift (also ȝift, ȝeft), partly from Old English ġyft, ġieft, ġift(giving, consideration, dowry, wedding) and Old Norse gipt(gift, present, wedding); both from Proto-Germanic *giftiz(gift). Cognate with Dutch gift(gift), German Gift(dose, poison, toxin), Icelandic gift(gift).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

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gift ‎(plural gifts)

  1. Something given to another voluntarily, without charge.
  2. A talent or natural ability.
    She had a gift for playing the flute.
    • 1915, Emerson Hough, The Purchase Price, chapterI:
      “[…] it is not fair of you to bring against mankind double weapons ! Dangerous enough you are as woman alone, without bringing to your aid those gifts of mind suited to problems which men have been accustomed to arrogate to themselves.”
  3. Something gained incidentally, without effort.
  4. The act, right, or power of giving or bestowing.
    The office is in the gift of the President.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

gift ‎(third-person singular simple present gifts, present participle gifting, simple past and past participle gifted)

  1. (transitive) To give as a gift or donation.
  2. (transitive) To give away, to concede easily.
    • 2011 September 28, Jon Smith, “Valencia 1 - 1 Chelsea”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      Chelsea threw away two points when substitute Salomon Kalou gifted Valencia a penalty five minutes from time with a needless handball.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡift/, [ɡ̊ifd̥]

Etymology 1[edit]

From German Gift(poison). Similar to the archaic gift(gift), a verbal noun to give(to give).

Noun[edit]

gift c (singular definite giften, plural indefinite gifte)

  1. poison (substance harmful to a living organism)
Inflection[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Originally the past participle of gifte(marry).

Adjective[edit]

gift

  1. married
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of gift
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular gift 2
Neuter singular gift 2
Plural gifte 2
Definite attributive1 gifte
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Non-lemma forms.

Verb[edit]

gift

  1. imperative of gifte
  2. past participle of gifte

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch gift, earlier also gicht which was restored by analogy with geven. From Old Dutch *gift, from Proto-Germanic *giftiz. The words gif and vergif, both meaning "poison", derive from the same source and were not formally distinguished until early modern Dutch.

Noun[edit]

gift f ‎(plural giften, diminutive giftje n)

  1. donation; something given (away) voluntarily.
  2. (dated) poison

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Noun[edit]

gift f (genitive singular giftar, uncountable)

  1. poison

Synonyms[edit]

Declension[edit]

Declension of gift (singular only)
f2s singular
indefinite definite
nominative gift giftin
accusative gift giftina
dative gift giftini
genitive giftar giftarinnar

Adjective[edit]

gift

  1. married, female form of giftur
    • Ert gift?
      Are you (f) married?

Declension[edit]

giftur a5
Singular (eintal) m (kallkyn) f (kvennkyn) n (hvørkikyn)
Nominative (hvørfall) giftur gift gift
Accusative (hvønnfall) giftan gifta
Dative (hvørjumfall) giftum giftari giftum
Genitive (hvørsfall) (gifts) (giftar/
giftrar)
(gifts)
Plural (fleirtal) m (kallkyn) f (kvennkyn) n (hvørkikyn)
Nominative (hvørfall) giftir giftar gift
Accusative (hvønnfall) giftar
Dative (hvørjumfall) giftum
Genitive (hvørsfall) (gifta/
giftra)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

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Noun[edit]

gift f, m ‎(definite singular gifta or giften, indefinite plural gifter, definite plural giftene)

  1. poison (substance harmful to a living organism)

Related terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gift ‎(neuter singular gift, definite singular and plural gifte)

  1. married

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

gift

  1. imperative of gifte

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *giftiz. Cognate with Old Frisian jeft, Old Saxon sundargift ‘privilege’ (lit. 'special gift'), Dutch gift, Old High German gift (German Gift), Old Norse gipt (> English gift), Gothic 𐍆𐍂𐌰𐌲𐌹𐍆𐍄𐍃(fragifts).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ġift f ‎(nominative plural ġifta or ġiftu)

  1. payment for a wife
  2. (in the plural) a wedding

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

gift n

  1. poison; venom; virus; toxin
    • 1968 Tove Jansson, Muminpappans memoarer, Holger Schildts Förlag (1991), ISBN 951-50-0388-1, page 126:
      Rådd-djuret gråter, sade Joxaren förebrående. Spöket har målat en dödskalle på kaffeburken och skrivit GIFT under och nu är Rådd-djuret utom sig och säger att har det inte gift sig förut så kommer det nu absolut aldrig att göra det!
      "The Muddler is crying," said the Joxter reproachfully. "The ghost has painted a skull and crossbones and the word POISON on the Muddler's coffee tin, and now the Muddler is beside himself and says that if it has not gotten married before it will absolutely never do it!"

Declension[edit]

Inflection of gift 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative gift giftet gifter gifterna
Genitive gifts giftets gifters gifternas

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse gipta(give away in marriage), from Proto-Germanic *giftiz.

Adjective[edit]

gift (not comparable)

  1. married
    ett gift par
    a married couple
    Han är gift sedan tre år.
    He's been married for three years.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of gift
Indefinite/attributive Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular gift
Neuter singular gift
Plural gifta
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 gifte
All gifta
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in an attributive role.

Verb[edit]

gift

  1. imperative of gifta.
  2. past participle of gifta.
  3. supine of gifta.