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See also: Gilden



Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English gilden, gelden, gulden, from Old English gylden, from Proto-Germanic *gulþīnaz (golden), from *gulþą (gold), equivalent to gold +‎ -en. Cognate with Dutch gulden, German gülden, Swedish gyllen.


gilden (comparative more gilden, superlative most gilden)

  1. (obsolete) Golden; made of gold.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, Visions of the World's Vanity:
      In summer's day, when Phœbus fairly shone / I saw a Bull as white as driven snow / With gilden horns embowéd like the moon / In a fresh flow'ring meadow lying low

Etymology 2[edit]

From gild +‎ -en.


gilden (third-person singular simple present gildens, present participle gildening, simple past and past participle gildened)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To make or become golden or gilded
    • 1936, International Brotherhood of Firemen and Oilers' Journal, page 70:
      A little of his pleasure was in the anticipation of seeing Southern Italy in bloom, now that spring is there. But George had a cold. He went to the Moses Taylor hospital. Next week when the great ship docks in Southern Italy, perhaps the sun will be gildening, there will be color and laughter at the dock, for the Italians are a happy race; but George will not be there.
    • 1969, John Rekem, Zobor, the mount and the monastery, page 51:
      Cover of Gospel book with relic of Holy Cross made of Silver, gildened with enamel rosettas.
    • 1992, Stella M. Hryniuk, Twenty Years of Multiculturalism: Successes and Failures, page 137:
      You were mine:
      In your early morning's gildening ray
      I first became aware of bliss and pain, -
      Pure like a pearl.






  1. plural past indicative and subjunctive of gillen


Alternative forms[edit]


From a colloquial merger of various dialectal forms of gelten and the related (obsolete) gülten. Compare for example Alemannic German gülte, gilde, Rhine Franconian gille, Central Franconian jelle, jölde.


gilden (third-person singular simple present gildet, past tense gildete, past participle gegildet, auxiliary haben)

  1. (colloquial, chiefly childish) to count; to be valid
    Nee, das gildet nich’! Ich war noch gar nich’ fertig!
    No, that doesn’t count! I wasn’t even ready yet!

Usage notes[edit]

  • Although this verb is fully conjugable, the 3rd-person singular present gildet is by far the commonest form. It is often used as if it were a form of gelten, thus instead of standard gilt.