gladius

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin gladius ‎(Roman short sword, gladius).

Noun[edit]

gladius ‎(plural gladiuses or gladii)

  1. (historical) A Roman sword roughly two feet long.
    • 1882, "The Genesis of the Sword", Popular Science Monthly, Volume 21, page 81:
      Finally, the Romans made the gladius—sharp, of highly-tempered steel, and strongly piercing—the first real sword (Figs. 17, 18, 19), of which only five specimens are now known to exist.
    • 2007, Pat Southern, The Roman Army: A Social and Institutional History, page 212:
      The gladius was effective either for cutting or for thrusting and was used by legionaries and auxiliaries.
  2. (zoology) A pen, the internal skeleton of squid made of chitin-like material.

Translations[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Gladius.

From Latin gladius ‎(Roman short sword, gladius).

Noun[edit]

gladius m ‎(plural gladii, diminutive gladiusje n)

  1. Roman short sword; gladius

Hypernyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Like many Dutch words borrowed from Latin, the plural takes the form of the Latin nominative plural.


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

< Latin

Noun[edit]

gladius

  1. gladius (Roman sword)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of gladius (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative gladius gladiukset
genitive gladiuksen gladiusten
gladiuksien
partitive gladiusta gladiuksia
illative gladiukseen gladiuksiin
singular plural
nominative gladius gladiukset
accusative nom.? gladius gladiukset
gen. gladiuksen
genitive gladiuksen gladiusten
gladiuksien
partitive gladiusta gladiuksia
inessive gladiuksessa gladiuksissa
elative gladiuksesta gladiuksista
illative gladiukseen gladiuksiin
adessive gladiuksella gladiuksilla
ablative gladiukselta gladiuksilta
allative gladiukselle gladiuksille
essive gladiuksena gladiuksina
translative gladiukseksi gladiuksiksi
instructive gladiuksin
abessive gladiuksetta gladiuksitta
comitative gladiuksineen

Hypernyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

gladius (sword)

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Gaulish *kladyos ‎(sword) (compare Old Irish claideb ‎(sword), from Proto-Celtic *kladiwos ‎(sword), from Proto-Indo-European *kelh₂- ‎(to beat, break). Could possibly also be inherited. Cognate with Latin clādes, clāva, percellō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gladius m ‎(genitive gladiī); second declension

  1. sword
    Mitte gladium in vaginam.
    Put the sword into its sheath.
    In gladium incumbere.
    To fall on one's sword.
  2. (figuratively) murder, death
  3. a gladiatorial contest
  4. swordfish

Inflection[edit]

Second declension, nominative singular in -ius.

Number Singular Plural
nominative gladius gladiī
genitive gladiī,
gladī1
gladiōrum
dative gladiō gladiīs
accusative gladium gladiōs
ablative gladiō gladiīs
vocative gladī gladiī

1In older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]