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- (US) IPA(key): /ˈɡʌn.ə/, /ˈɡɔn.ə/; (unstressed) IPA(key): /ɡən.ə/
- (AAVE) IPA(key): [ɡõ]
- (General Australian) IPA(key): /ɡən.ə/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɡən.ə/
- Homophones: gunner (non-rhotic accents)
Audio (US) (file)
- (colloquial, with bare infinitive) Contraction of when followed by an infinitive verb: used to express a future action.
- 1987, Stock Aitken Waterman (lyrics and music), “Never Gonna Give You Up”, in Whenever You Need Somebody, RCA Records, performed by Rick Astley:
- Never gonna give you up, / Never gonna let you down, / Never gonna run around and desert you. / Never gonna make you cry, / Never gonna say goodbye, / Never gonna tell a lie and hurt you.
- This spelling, like any nonstandard spelling, risks appearing condescending. Even when going to has the pronunciation that gonna denotes, it is usually spelled <going to>.
- Gonna, like the pronunciation it denotes, only occurs when going to is a modal verb indicating a future tense (something that is bound to happen or is planned), and not for lexical uses of "going to" (i.e. the verb go followed by a prepositional phrase beginning with to). Thus, one says, I’m gonna go now, but *I’m gonna the mall is not observed. (In such contexts, I’m going to the mall is said, with going to pronounced more fully, e.g. IPA(key): /ˈɡoʊɪŋ ɾə/, /ˈɡoʊɪnə/.) The same is true of other modal verb contractions such as shoulda, woulda, or coulda (e.g. She shoulda come with us but not *She shoulda some patience).
gonna f (plural gonne)