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From an Old Latin verb *graceō or *craceō meaning "I'm meager, slim," from Proto-Indo-European *kerḱ- (to become thin, to wane), related to Sanskrit कृश (kṛśa, thin, lean), Lithuanian karštu (to age), Avestan *𐬐𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬯𐬀 (*kərəsa, meager, lean), and German schlank (slim).

Also compare cracens (slender).



gracilis (neuter gracile); third declension

  1. slender, slim, thin
  2. meager, scanty, lean
  3. (of style) unadorned, simple


Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative gracilis gracile gracilēs gracilia
genitive gracilis gracilium
dative gracilī gracilibus
accusative gracilem gracile gracilēs gracilia
ablative gracilī gracilibus
vocative gracilis gracile gracilēs gracilia


Related terms[edit]



  • gracilis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gracilis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “gracilis”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • gracilis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • gracilis in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • gracilis in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray