gram

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See also: Gram, grâm, grām, gräm, gram., -gram, and 'gram

English

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Alternative forms

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From French gramme, from Ancient Greek γράμμα (grámma, a small weight, a scruple). Doublet of gramma.

Noun

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gram (plural grams)

  1. A unit of mass equal to one-thousandth of a kilogram. Symbol: g.
Derived terms
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Translations
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See also

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Etymology 2

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From obsolete Portuguese gram (modern Portuguese grão), from Latin grānum.[1] Doublet of corn, grain, granum, and grao.

Noun

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gram (countable and uncountable, plural grams)

  1. A leguminous plant grown for its seeds, especially the chickpea.
    • 1870, Henry Letheby, On Food, page 22:
      The next class of farinaceous foods are the Pulses, as peas, beans, and lentils of this country, and the dholls and grams of India.
  2. (uncountable) The seeds of these plants.
Derived terms
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Translations
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Etymology 3

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Diminutive of grandmother.

Noun

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gram (plural grams)

  1. (colloquial) Grandmother.

Etymology 4

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Noun

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gram (plural grams)

  1. (broadcasting, dated) A gramophone recording.

Etymology 5

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Clipping of Instagram.

Noun

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gram (plural grams)

  1. (colloquial) Alternative form of 'gram

See also

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etymologically unrelated terms

Etymology 6

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Noun

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gram

  1. (US) Misspelling of graham.

References

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  1. ^ Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary. 1976. pp. 566

Further reading

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Anagrams

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Catalan

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from French gramme.

Noun

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gram m (plural grams)

  1. gram (unit of mass)

Etymology 2

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Inherited from Latin grāmen. Previously applied to grasses in general but now restricted to a few specific species.

Noun

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gram m (plural grams)

  1. Bermuda grass
Derived terms
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Further reading

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Czech

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈɡram]
  • Hyphenation: gram
  • Rhymes: -am

Noun

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gram m inan

  1. gram (unit)

Declension

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Derived terms

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Further reading

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  • gram in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • gram in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

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Etymology 1

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From Old Norse gramr, cognate with the Icelandic gramur (resentful, irritated).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ɡram/, [ɡ̊ʁɑmˀ]

Adjective

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gram

  1. irate
Inflection
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Inflection of gram
Positive Comparative Superlative
Indefinte common singular gram 2
Indefinite neuter singular gramt 2
Plural gramme 2
Definite attributive1 gramme
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.
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Etymology 2

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From Ancient Greek γραμμά (grammá).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ɡram/, [ɡ̊ʁɑmˀ]

Noun

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gram n (singular definite grammet, plural indefinite gram)

  1. gram (unit of mass)
Inflection
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Dutch

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Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from French gramme, a borrowing from Latin gramma during the French Revolution, from Ancient Greek γράμμα (grámma).

Noun

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gram n or m (plural grammen, diminutive grammetje n)

  1. gram (unit of mass)
    Coordinate terms: kilo, ton
Derived terms
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Descendants
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  • Indonesian: gram

Etymology 2

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From Middle Dutch gram (wrath). The noun sense represents a substantivization of the adjective.

Adjective

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gram (comparative grammer, superlative gramst)

  1. (rare) angry, irate
Derived terms
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Noun

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gram m (uncountable, diminutive grammetje n)

  1. (rare) wrath
    Synonyms: toorn, woede, wrevel

German

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Etymology

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From Middle High German gram, from Old High German gram, from Proto-Germanic *gramaz.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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gram (indeclinable)

  1. angry

Further reading

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  • gram” in Duden online
  • gram” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Indonesian

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Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology

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From Dutch gram, from French gramme, from Latin gramma, from Ancient Greek γράμμα (grámma).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈɡram]
  • Hyphenation: gram

Noun

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gram (first-person possessive gramku, second-person possessive grammu, third-person possessive gramnya)

  1. gram: a unit of mass equal to one-thousandth of a kilogram. Symbol: g.

Further reading

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Irish

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Etymology

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From French gramme, from Ancient Greek γράμμα (grámma, a small weight, a scruple).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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gram m (genitive singular graim, nominative plural graim)

  1. gram (unit of mass)

Declension

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Mutation

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Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gram ghram ngram
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading

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Middle Dutch

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Etymology

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From Old Dutch *gram, from Proto-Germanic *gramaz.

Adjective

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gram

  1. angry
  2. sad, upset

Inflection

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Adjective
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative Indefinite gram gramme gram gramme
Definite gramme gramme
Accusative Indefinite grammen gramme gram gramme
Definite gramme
Genitive grams grammer grams grammer
Dative grammen grammer grammen grammen

Descendants

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Further reading

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Middle English

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Etymology

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From Old English gram, from Proto-Germanic *gramaz; cognate to Old Norse gramr. Related to grim.

Adjective

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gram

  1. Angry.

Descendants

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Norwegian Bokmål

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Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology

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From French gramme, from Ancient Greek γράμμα (grámma).

Noun

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gram n (definite singular grammet, indefinite plural gram, definite plural gramma or grammene)

  1. a gram, unit of weight, symbol g.

Derived terms

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References

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Norwegian Nynorsk

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Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology

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From French gramme, from Ancient Greek γράμμα (grámma).

Noun

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gram n (definite singular grammet, indefinite plural gram, definite plural gramma)

  1. a gram, unit of weight, symbol g.

Derived terms

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References

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Old English

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Etymology

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From Proto-Germanic *gramaz.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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gram

  1. angry, hostile

Declension

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Descendants

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Old Norse

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Noun

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gram

  1. accusative/dative singular of gramr

Polish

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from French gramme, a borrowing from Latin gramma, from Ancient Greek γράμμα (grámma).

Noun

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gram m inan

  1. gram (unit of mass)
Declension
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Etymology 2

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

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gram

  1. first-person singular present indicative of grać

Further reading

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  • gram in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • gram in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

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Noun

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gram m (plural grãos)

  1. Obsolete spelling of grão.

Descendants

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Adjective

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gram

  1. Obsolete spelling of grão.

Romanian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from French gramme.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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gram n (plural grame)

  1. gram (unit of mass)

Declension

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Scottish Gaelic

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Etymology

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From French gramme, from Ancient Greek γράμμα (grámma).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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gram m (plural gramichean)

  1. gram (unit of mass)

Derived terms

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Mutation

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Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
gram ghram
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

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  • Edward Dwelly (1911) “gram”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary]‎[1], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN

Serbo-Croatian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from French gramme, a borrowing from Latin gramma, from Ancient Greek γράμμα (grámma).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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grȁm m (Cyrillic spelling гра̏м)

  1. gram (unit)

Declension

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Swedish

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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gram n

  1. gram (unit of mass)

Declension

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Declension of gram 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative gram grammet gram grammen
Genitive grams grammets grams grammens

Tatar

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Noun

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gram

  1. Latin spelling of грам (gram, gram (unit of mass))

Declension

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Volapük

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Noun

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gram (nominative plural grams)

  1. gram

Declension

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