granum

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

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Noun[edit]

granum (plural grana)

  1. (biology) a stacklike structure in plant chloroplasts that contain chlorophyll; the site of photosynthesis

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ǵr̥h₂nóm. Cognates include Old Irish grán, Breton greun, Old Church Slavonic зрьно (zrĭno), Lithuanian žìrnis (pea), Persian خرمن (xarman, grain) and Old English corn (grain) (English corn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

grānum n (genitive grānī); second declension

  1. a grain, seed or small kernel

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative grānum grāna
genitive grānī grānōrum
dative grānō grānīs
accusative grānum grāna
ablative grānō grānīs
vocative grānum grāna

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • granum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • granum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “granum”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • granum” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)