gravis

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See also: Gravis

Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

gravis

  1. second-person singular present subjunctive form of gravar

Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

gravis m

  1. grave accent (diacritic mark `)
    Synonym: obrácená čárka

Further reading[edit]

  • gravis in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • gravis in Akademický slovník cizích slov, 1995, at prirucka.ujc.cas.cz

Esperanto[edit]

Verb[edit]

gravis

  1. past of gravi

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Internationalism (see German Gravis).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡrɑ(ː)ʋis/, [ˈɡrɑ(ː)ʋis̠]
  • Rhymes: -ɑʋis
  • Syllabification(key): gra‧vis

Noun[edit]

gravis

  1. grave accent (diacritical mark)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of gravis (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative gravis gravikset
genitive graviksen gravisten
graviksien
partitive gravista graviksia
illative gravikseen graviksiin
singular plural
nominative gravis gravikset
accusative nom. gravis gravikset
gen. graviksen
genitive graviksen gravisten
graviksien
partitive gravista graviksia
inessive graviksessa graviksissa
elative graviksesta graviksista
illative gravikseen graviksiin
adessive graviksella graviksilla
ablative gravikselta graviksilta
allative gravikselle graviksille
essive graviksena graviksina
translative gravikseksi graviksiksi
instructive graviksin
abessive graviksetta graviksitta
comitative graviksineen
Possessive forms of gravis (type vastaus)
possessor singular plural
1st person gravikseni graviksemme
2nd person graviksesi graviksenne
3rd person graviksensa

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡʁa.vi/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

gravis

  1. inflection of gravir:
    1. first/second-person singular present indicative
    2. first/second-person singular past historic
    3. second-person singular imperative

Participle[edit]

gravis m pl

  1. masculine plural of the past participle of gravir

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷréh₂us, remade into an i-stem adjective at some point after the split of Latino-Faliscan from Sabellic.[1] Cognate with Ancient Greek βαρύς (barús), Gothic 𐌺𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌿𐍃 (kaurus, heavy), Persian گران(gerân) and Sanskrit गुरु (gurú). See also Latin brūtus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gravis (neuter grave, comparative gravior, superlative gravissimus, adverb graviter); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. heavy
    Antonym: levis
  2. troublesome, hard
  3. grave, serious
  4. rank, unpleasant, strong (smell)

Declension[edit]

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative gravis grave gravēs gravia
Genitive gravis gravium
Dative gravī gravibus
Accusative gravem grave gravēs
gravīs
gravia
Ablative gravī gravibus
Vocative gravis grave gravēs gravia

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “gravis”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 272

Further reading[edit]

  • gravis”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gravis”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gravis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • healthy climate: caelum salūbre, salubritas caeli (opp. grave, gravitas)
    • to be seriously ill: gravi morbo affectum esse, conflictari, vexari
    • to recruit oneself after a severe illness: e gravi morbo recreari or se colligere
    • elevated, moderate, plain style: genus dicendi grave or grande, medium, tenue (cf. Or. 5. 20; 6. 21)
    • a deep, high, thin, moderate voice: vox gravis, acuta, parva, mediocris
    • a man of character, with a strong personality: vir constans, gravis (opp. homo inconstans, levis)
    • exorbitant rate of interest: fenus iniquissimum, grande, grave
    • an important witness: testis gravis
    • to be (seriously, mortally) wounded: vulnus (grave, mortiferum) accipere, excipere
    • (ambiguous) cogent, decisive reasons: magnae (graves) necessariae causae
    • (ambiguous) men of sound opinions: homines graves (opp. leves)
    • (ambiguous) to be (heavily) punished by some one: poenas (graves) dare alicui