grief

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English greef, gref, borrowed from Old French grief (grave, heavy, grievous, sad), from Latin gravis (heavy, grievous, sad). Doublet of grave.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡɹiːf/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːf

Noun[edit]

grief (countable and uncountable, plural griefs)

  1. Suffering, hardship. [from early 13th c.]
  2. Pain of mind arising from misfortune, significant personal loss, bereavement, misconduct of oneself or others, etc.; sorrow; sadness. [from early 14th c.]
    She was worn out from so much grief.
    The betrayal caused Jeff grief.
    • 1576, George Whetstone, “The Ortchard of Repentance: []”, in The Rocke of Regard, Diuided into Foure Parts. [...], London: [] Robert Waley, OCLC 837515946; republished in J[ohn] P[ayne] Collier, editor, The Rocke of Regard, Diuided into Foure Parts. [...] (Illustrations of Early English Poetry; vol. 2, no. 2), London: Privately printed, [1867?], OCLC 706027473, page 291:
      And ſure, although it was invented to eaſe his mynde of griefe, there be a number of caveats therein to forewarne other young gentlemen to foreſtand with good government their folowing yl fortunes; []
  3. (countable) Cause or instance of sorrow or pain; that which afflicts or distresses; trial.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

grief (third-person singular simple present griefs, present participle griefing, simple past and past participle griefed)

  1. (online gaming) To deliberately harass and annoy or cause grief to other players of a game in order to interfere with their enjoyment of it; especially, to do this as one’s primary activity in the game. [from late 1990s]
    • 2008 January 18, Julian Dibbell, “Mutilated Furries, Flying Phalluses: Put the Blame on Griefers, the Sociopaths of the Virtual World”, in Wired[1]:
      While ban and his pals stand squarely in this tradition, they also stand for something new: the rise of organized griefing, grounded in online message-board communities and thick with in-jokes, code words, taboos, and an increasingly articulate sense of purpose. No longer just an isolated pathology, griefing has developed a full-fledged culture.

Usage notes[edit]

  • This verb is most commonly found in the gerund-participle griefing and the derived noun griefer.

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch grief, from Old French grief, from Vulgar Latin *grevis, from Latin gravis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

grief f (plural grieven, diminutive griefje n)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) grievance, complaint, bone to pick, issue

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French grief, from Vulgar Latin grevis (influenced by its antonym, levis), from Latin gravis, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gʷréh₂us. Doublet of grave.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

grief (feminine singular griève, masculine plural griefs, feminine plural grièves)

  1. (archaic, literary) grievous

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

grief m (plural griefs)

  1. complaint
  2. grief
  3. grievance (formal complaint filed with an authority)

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Ladin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *grevis, from Latin gravis.

Adjective[edit]

grief m (feminine singular grieva, masculine plural griefs, feminine plural grieves)

  1. arduous
  2. difficult
  3. steep

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • gref (typically Anglo-Norman)

Etymology[edit]

Probably from the verb grever, or from Vulgar Latin grevis (influenced by its antonym, levis), from Latin gravis.

Noun[edit]

grief m (oblique plural griés, nominative singular griés, nominative plural grief)

  1. pain; anguish; suffering

Adjective[edit]

grief m (oblique and nominative feminine singular grieve)

  1. sad
    • late 12th century, anonymous, La Folie de Tristan d'Oxford, page 386 (of the Champion Classiques edition of Le Roman de Tristan, →ISBN, line 552:
      Mult ai le quer gref e marri.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Descendants[edit]

  • English: grief
  • French: grief