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griffe (plural griffes)
- A claw-like ornament at the base of a column.
- 2013, Russell Sturgis; Francis A. Davis, Sturgis' Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture and Building: An Unabridged Reprint of the 1901-2 Edition, Courier Corporation, →ISBN, page 323:
- The primary use of this is to give the column a broader base and to diminish the amount of the cutting away of the solid stone. The griffe, however, is often used for elaborate ornamentation, being carved into vegetable or even animal form.
From Cajun French (in period American English usage) and from general French griffe (in reference to such people in e.g. Haiti), perhaps from (American) Spanish grifo (supposedly "curly-haired").
griffe (plural griffes)
- (chiefly US, dialectal, dated or historical) A person of mixed (black and white) race, especially the offspring of a mulatto (person of mixed black and white ancestry) and a person of fully black ancestry.
- 2017, Terry Rey, The Priest and the Prophetess: Abbé Ouvière, Romaine Rivière, and the Revolutionary Atlantic World, Oxford University Press, →ISBN:
- Saint-Domingue's complex system of racial classification allowed for no fewer than eight “mixed” racial parental combinations that could produce a griffe, as infamously calculated by Moreau.
- (person of mixed race): see list in mulatto
- “griffe”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
- ^ “griffe”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
Inherited from Middle French griffe, either deverbal from griffer, which see, or through an unattested Old French noun from Old High German grif, from Proto-Germanic *gripiz.
griffe f (plural griffes)
- coup de griffe ― swipe of the claws
- Les pattes de cet animal sont armées de griffes.
- The paws of this animal have claws.
- scratch mark
- (figuratively) signature (characteristic mark, e.g. of an artist)
- Il a beau n’avoir pas mis son nom à cet ouvrage, il y a mis sa griffe.
- Even though he has not put his name on this work, he has put his mark.
- (by extension) brand, designer label (especially fashion)
- inflection of griffer:
- “griffe”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
griffe f (invariable)
- English 1-syllable words
- English terms with IPA pronunciation
- English terms borrowed from French
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- English lemmas
- English nouns
- English countable nouns
- English terms with quotations
- English terms borrowed from Cajun French
- English terms derived from Cajun French
- English terms derived from Spanish
- American English
- English dialectal terms
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- English terms with historical senses
- French terms inherited from Middle French
- French terms derived from Middle French
- French terms derived from Old French
- French terms derived from Old High German
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- French 1-syllable words
- French terms with IPA pronunciation
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- French lemmas
- French nouns
- French countable nouns
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- French non-lemma forms
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- German non-lemma forms
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- Italian terms borrowed from French
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- Rhymes:Italian/iffe/2 syllables
- Italian lemmas
- Italian nouns
- Italian indeclinable nouns
- Italian countable nouns
- Italian feminine nouns
- Italian non-lemma forms
- Italian noun forms