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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Of uncertain origin. Not found in Classical Latin[1]. According to Nocentini[2] and Walde[3], cognate with Old Irish bres and Cornish bras, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷres-. Compare also Old High German grōz (big, large, thick), which although likely not the origin of the word, apparently influenced some of the senses present in Medieval Latin.



grossus (feminine grossa, neuter grossum, comparative grossior); first/second-declension adjective

  1. (Late Latin, Medieval Latin) coarse, unrefined
  2. (Late Latin, Medieval Latin) young, green, immature
  3. (Medieval Latin) thick, large, great
    Synonyms: crēber, spissus


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative grossus grossa grossum grossī grossae grossa
Genitive grossī grossae grossī grossōrum grossārum grossōrum
Dative grossō grossō grossīs
Accusative grossum grossam grossum grossōs grossās grossa
Ablative grossō grossā grossō grossīs
Vocative grosse grossa grossum grossī grossae grossa

Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

From the above.



grossus m or f (genitive grossī); second declension

  1. an unripe fig
    • c. 77 CE – 79 CE, Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia 23.64.129:
      Cauliculī aut grossī eius quam minūtissimae ad scorpiōnum ictūs ē vīnō bibuntur.
      Its little stalks or the as small as possible unripe figs are drunk from wine for scorpion stings.


Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative grossus grossī
Genitive grossī grossōrum
Dative grossō grossīs
Accusative grossum grossōs
Ablative grossō grossīs
Vocative grosse grossī


  1. ^
  2. ^ “grosso” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, →ISBN
  3. ^ Walde, Alois (1910) , “grossus”, in Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), 2nd edition, Heidelberg: Carl Winter, page 354