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Alternative forms[edit]


Of uncertain origin. Not found in Classical Latin[1]. According to Nocentini[2] and Walde[3], cognate with Old Irish bres and Cornish bras, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷres-. Compare also Old High German grōz (big, large, thick), which although likely not the origin of the word, apparently influenced some of the senses present in Medieval Latin.



grossus (feminine grossa, neuter grossum); first/second declension

  1. (Late Latin, Medieval Latin) coarse, unrefined
  2. (Late Latin, Medieval Latin) young, green, immature
  3. (Medieval Latin) thick, large, great


First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative grossus grossa grossum grossī grossae grossa
genitive grossī grossae grossī grossōrum grossārum grossōrum
dative grossō grossō grossīs
accusative grossum grossam grossum grossōs grossās grossa
ablative grossō grossā grossō grossīs
vocative grosse grossa grossum grossī grossae grossa

Derived terms[edit]



  • grossus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • grossus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • grossus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • grossus in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  1. ^
  2. ^ “grosso” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, →ISBN
  3. ^ Walde, Alois (1910), “grossus”, in Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), 2nd edition, Heidelberg: Carl Winter, page 354