gubha

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Zulu[edit]

Verb[edit]

-gubha

  1. (transitive) to celebrate, to solemnise

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukugubha
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukugubha ukungagubhi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular gubha -gubhe
Plural gubhani -gubheni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyagubha, ngigubha engigubhayo, engigubha ngigubha angigubhi engingagubhi ngingagubhi
2nd singular uyagubha, ugubha ogubhayo, ogubha ugubha awugubhi ongagubhi ungagubhi
1st plural siyagubha, sigubha esigubhayo, esigubha sigubha asigubhi esingagubhi singagubhi
2nd plural niyagubha, nigubha enigubhayo, enigubha nigubha anigubhi eningagubhi ningagubhi
Class 1 uyagubha, ugubha ogubhayo, ogubha egubha akagubhi ongagubhi engagubhi
Class 2 bayagubha, bagubha abagubhayo, abagubha begubha abagubhi abangagubhi bengagubhi
Class 3 uyagubha, ugubha ogubhayo, ogubha ugubha awugubhi ongagubhi ungagubhi
Class 4 iyagubha, igubha egubhayo, egubha igubha ayigubhi engagubhi ingagubhi
Class 5 liyagubha, ligubha eligubhayo, eligubha ligubha aligubhi elingagubhi lingagubhi
Class 6 ayagubha, agubha agubhayo, agubha egubha awagubhi angagubhi engagubhi
Class 7 siyagubha, sigubha esigubhayo, esigubha sigubha asigubhi esingagubhi singagubhi
Class 8 ziyagubha, zigubha ezigubhayo, ezigubha zigubha azigubhi ezingagubhi zingagubhi
Class 9 iyagubha, igubha egubhayo, egubha igubha ayigubhi engagubhi ingagubhi
Class 10 ziyagubha, zigubha ezigubhayo, ezigubha zigubha azigubhi ezingagubhi zingagubhi
Class 11 luyagubha, lugubha olugubhayo, olugubha lugubha alugubhi olungagubhi lungagubhi
Class 14 buyagubha, bugubha obugubhayo, obugubha bugubha abugubhi obungagubhi bungagubhi
Class 15 kuyagubha, kugubha okugubhayo, okugubha kugubha akugubhi okungagubhi kungagubhi
Class 17 kuyagubha, kugubha okugubhayo, okugubha kugubha akugubhi okungagubhi kungagubhi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngigubhile, ngigubhē engigubhile, engigubhē ngigubhile, ngigubhē angigubhanga engingagubhanga ngingagubhanga
2nd singular ugubhile, ugubhē ogubhile, ogubhē ugubhile, ugubhē awugubhanga ongagubhanga ungagubhanga
1st plural sigubhile, sigubhē esigubhile, esigubhē sigubhile, sigubhē asigubhanga esingagubhanga singagubhanga
2nd plural nigubhile, nigubhē enigubhile, enigubhē nigubhile, nigubhē anigubhanga eningagubhanga ningagubhanga
Class 1 ugubhile, ugubhē ogubhile, ogubhē egubhile, egubhē akagubhanga ongagubhanga engagubhanga
Class 2 bagubhile, bagubhē abagubhile, abagubhē begubhile, begubhē abagubhanga abangagubhanga bengagubhanga
Class 3 ugubhile, ugubhē ogubhile, ogubhē ugubhile, ugubhē awugubhanga ongagubhanga ungagubhanga
Class 4 igubhile, igubhē egubhile, egubhē igubhile, igubhē ayigubhanga engagubhanga ingagubhanga
Class 5 ligubhile, ligubhē eligubhile, eligubhē ligubhile, ligubhē aligubhanga elingagubhanga lingagubhanga
Class 6 agubhile, agubhē agubhile, agubhē egubhile, egubhē awagubhanga angagubhanga engagubhanga
Class 7 sigubhile, sigubhē esigubhile, esigubhē sigubhile, sigubhē asigubhanga esingagubhanga singagubhanga
Class 8 zigubhile, zigubhē ezigubhile, ezigubhē zigubhile, zigubhē azigubhanga ezingagubhanga zingagubhanga
Class 9 igubhile, igubhē egubhile, egubhē igubhile, igubhē ayigubhanga engagubhanga ingagubhanga
Class 10 zigubhile, zigubhē ezigubhile, ezigubhē zigubhile, zigubhē azigubhanga ezingagubhanga zingagubhanga
Class 11 lugubhile, lugubhē olugubhile, olugubhē lugubhile, lugubhē alugubhanga olungagubhanga lungagubhanga
Class 14 bugubhile, bugubhē obugubhile, obugubhē bugubhile, bugubhē abugubhanga obungagubhanga bungagubhanga
Class 15 kugubhile, kugubhē okugubhile, okugubhē kugubhile, kugubhē akugubhanga okungagubhanga kungagubhanga
Class 17 kugubhile, kugubhē okugubhile, okugubhē kugubhile, kugubhē akugubhanga okungagubhanga kungagubhanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāgubha engāgubha ngāgubha angigubhanga engingagubhanga ngingagubhanga
2nd singular wāgubha owāgubha wāgubha awugubhanga ongagubhanga ungagubhanga
1st plural sāgubha esāgubha sāgubha asigubhanga esingagubhanga singagubhanga
2nd plural nāgubha enāgubha nāgubha anigubhanga eningagubhanga ningagubhanga
Class 1 wāgubha owāgubha āgubha akagubhanga ongagubhanga engagubhanga
Class 2 bāgubha abāgubha bāgubha abagubhanga abangagubhanga bengagubhanga
Class 3 wāgubha owāgubha wāgubha awugubhanga ongagubhanga ungagubhanga
Class 4 yāgubha eyāgubha yāgubha ayigubhanga engagubhanga ingagubhanga
Class 5 lāgubha elāgubha lāgubha aligubhanga elingagubhanga lingagubhanga
Class 6 āgubha āgubha āgubha awagubhanga angagubhanga engagubhanga
Class 7 sāgubha esāgubha sāgubha asigubhanga esingagubhanga singagubhanga
Class 8 zāgubha ezāgubha zāgubha azigubhanga ezingagubhanga zingagubhanga
Class 9 yāgubha eyāgubha yāgubha ayigubhanga engagubhanga ingagubhanga
Class 10 zāgubha ezāgubha zāgubha azigubhanga ezingagubhanga zingagubhanga
Class 11 lwāgubha olwāgubha lwāgubha alugubhanga olungagubhanga lungagubhanga
Class 14 bāgubha obāgubha bāgubha abugubhanga obungagubhanga bungagubhanga
Class 15 kwāgubha okwāgubha kwāgubha akugubhanga okungagubhanga kungagubhanga
Class 17 kwāgubha okwāgubha kwāgubha akugubhanga okungagubhanga kungagubhanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingagubha ngingagubha ngingegubhe ngingegubhe
2nd singular ungagubha ungagubha ungegubhe ungegubhe
1st plural singagubha singagubha singegubhe singegubhe
2nd plural ningagubha ningagubha ningegubhe ningegubhe
Class 1 angagubha engagubha angegubhe engegubhe
Class 2 bangagubha bengagubha bangegubhe bengegubhe
Class 3 ungagubha ungagubha ungegubhe ungegubhe
Class 4 ingagubha ingagubha ingegubhe ingegubhe
Class 5 lingagubha lingagubha lingegubhe lingegubhe
Class 6 angagubha engagubha angegubhe engegubhe
Class 7 singagubha singagubha singegubhe singegubhe
Class 8 zingagubha zingagubha zingegubhe zingegubhe
Class 9 ingagubha ingagubha ingegubhe ingegubhe
Class 10 zingagubha zingagubha zingegubhe zingegubhe
Class 11 lungagubha lungagubha lungegubhe lungegubhe
Class 14 bungagubha bungagubha bungegubhe bungegubhe
Class 15 kungagubha kungagubha kungegubhe kungegubhe
Class 17 kungagubha kungagubha kungegubhe kungegubhe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizogubha engizogubha ngizogubha angizugubha engingezugubha ngingezugubha
2nd singular uzogubha ozogubha uzogubha awuzugubha ongezugubha ungezugubha
1st plural sizogubha esizogubha sizogubha asizugubha esingezugubha singezugubha
2nd plural nizogubha enizogubha nizogubha anizugubha eningezugubha ningezugubha
Class 1 uzogubha ozogubha ezogubha akazugubha ongezugubha engezugubha
Class 2 bazogubha abazogubha bezogubha abazugubha abangezugubha bengezugubha
Class 3 uzogubha ozogubha uzogubha awuzugubha ongezugubha ungezugubha
Class 4 izogubha ezogubha izogubha ayizugubha engezugubha ingezugubha
Class 5 lizogubha elizogubha lizogubha alizugubha elingezugubha lingezugubha
Class 6 azogubha azogubha ezogubha awazugubha angezugubha engezugubha
Class 7 sizogubha esizogubha sizogubha asizugubha esingezugubha singezugubha
Class 8 zizogubha ezizogubha zizogubha azizugubha ezingezugubha zingezugubha
Class 9 izogubha ezogubha izogubha ayizugubha engezugubha ingezugubha
Class 10 zizogubha ezizogubha zizogubha azizugubha ezingezugubha zingezugubha
Class 11 luzogubha oluzogubha luzogubha aluzugubha olungezugubha lungezugubha
Class 14 buzogubha obuzogubha buzogubha abuzugubha obungezugubha bungezugubha
Class 15 kuzogubha okuzogubha kuzogubha akuzugubha okungezugubha kungezugubha
Class 17 kuzogubha okuzogubha kuzogubha akuzugubha okungezugubha kungezugubha
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyogubha engiyogubha ngiyogubha angiyugubha engingeyugubha ngingeyugubha
2nd singular uyogubha oyogubha uyogubha awuyugubha ongeyugubha ungeyugubha
1st plural siyogubha esiyogubha siyogubha asiyugubha esingeyugubha singeyugubha
2nd plural niyogubha eniyogubha niyogubha aniyugubha eningeyugubha ningeyugubha
Class 1 uyogubha oyogubha eyogubha akayugubha ongeyugubha engeyugubha
Class 2 bayogubha abayogubha beyogubha abayugubha abangeyugubha bengeyugubha
Class 3 uyogubha oyogubha uyogubha awuyugubha ongeyugubha ungeyugubha
Class 4 iyogubha eyogubha iyogubha ayiyugubha engeyugubha ingeyugubha
Class 5 liyogubha eliyogubha liyogubha aliyugubha elingeyugubha lingeyugubha
Class 6 ayogubha ayogubha eyogubha awayugubha angeyugubha engeyugubha
Class 7 siyogubha esiyogubha siyogubha asiyugubha esingeyugubha singeyugubha
Class 8 ziyogubha eziyogubha ziyogubha aziyugubha ezingeyugubha zingeyugubha
Class 9 iyogubha eyogubha iyogubha ayiyugubha engeyugubha ingeyugubha
Class 10 ziyogubha eziyogubha ziyogubha aziyugubha ezingeyugubha zingeyugubha
Class 11 luyogubha oluyogubha luyogubha aluyugubha olungeyugubha lungeyugubha
Class 14 buyogubha obuyogubha buyogubha abuyugubha obungeyugubha bungeyugubha
Class 15 kuyogubha okuyogubha kuyogubha akuyugubha okungeyugubha kungeyugubha
Class 17 kuyogubha okuyogubha kuyogubha akuyugubha okungeyugubha kungeyugubha
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngigubhe ngingagubhi
2nd singular ugubhe ungagubhi
1st plural sigubhe singagubhi
2nd plural nigubhe ningagubhi
Class 1 agubhe angagubhi
Class 2 bagubhe bangagubhi
Class 3 ugubhe ungagubhi
Class 4 igubhe ingagubhi
Class 5 ligubhe lingagubhi
Class 6 agubhe angagubhi
Class 7 sigubhe singagubhi
Class 8 zigubhe zingagubhi
Class 9 igubhe ingagubhi
Class 10 zigubhe zingagubhi
Class 11 lugubhe lungagubhi
Class 14 bugubhe bungagubhi
Class 15 kugubhe kungagubhi
Class 17 kugubhe kungagubhi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngagubha ngangagubha, angagubha, angangagubha
2nd singular wagubha wangagubha, awagubha, awangagubha
1st plural sagubha sangagubha, asagubha, asangagubha
2nd plural nagubha nangagubha, anagubha, anangagubha
Class 1 wagubha wangagubha, akagubha, akangagubha
Class 2 bagubha bangagubha, abagubha, abangagubha
Class 3 wagubha wangagubha, awagubha, awangagubha
Class 4 yagubha yangagubha, ayagubha, ayangagubha
Class 5 lagubha langagubha, alagubha, alangagubha
Class 6 agubha angagubha, awagubha, awangagubha
Class 7 sagubha sangagubha, asagubha, asangagubha
Class 8 zagubha zangagubha, azagubha, azangagubha
Class 9 yagubha yangagubha, ayagubha, ayangagubha
Class 10 zagubha zangagubha, azagubha, azangagubha
Class 11 lwagubha lwangagubha, alwagubha, alwangagubha
Class 14 bagubha bangagubha, abagubha, abangagubha
Class 15 kwagubha kwangagubha, akwagubha, akwangagubha
Class 17 kwagubha kwangagubha, akwagubha, akwangagubha

References[edit]