gwern

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Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Breton guern, from Old Breton guern, guaern, from Proto-Brythonic *gwern, from Proto-Celtic *wernā (compare Gaulish uerna, Old Irish fern and French vergne).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gwern ? (plural gwernioù, singulative gwernenn)

  1. alders

Noun[edit]

gwern f (plural gwernioù)

  1. mast
  2. swamp

Cornish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Cornish guern, from Proto-Brythonic *gwern, from Proto-Celtic *wernā (compare Gaulish uerna, Old Irish fern and French vergne).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gwern ? (singulative gwernen)

  1. alders

Noun[edit]

gwern

  1. mast
  2. swamp

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *gwern, from Proto-Celtic *wernā (compare Old Irish fern). Cognate with Old Armenian գերան (geran) and Albanian verr (alder).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gwern f pl (singulative gwernen, plural gwerni or gwernydd or gwernau or gwernenni or gwernennau)

  1. alder(s) (the wood of which resists decay in water); made of alder
    1. (nautical) mast of a ship
    2. (alder) stick, stave, shaft of a lance
  2. alder grove, alder marsh, swamp, quagmire; damp meadow
    1. (sometimes figuratively) hell

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
gwern wern ngwern unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • gwern”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies, 2014