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From Old Swedish halda, halla, holda, holla, from Old Norse halda, from Proto-Germanic *haldaną. Further etymology uncertain; possibly from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to hide, conceal).


IPA(key): [ˈhɔ̂lːä]

  • (file)


hålla (present håller, preterite höll, supine hållit, imperative håll)

  1. hold; grip
    Håll i pennan så här
    Hold the pen like this
  2. hold; to cause to wait
    Håll hissen!
    Hold the elevator!
  3. hold; arrange a social event, e.g. a party, a (larger) meeting or a conference
    Nästa års konferens kommer hållas i Rotterdam.
    Next year's conference will be held in Rotterdam.
  4. keep
    1. restrain, restrict
    2. to fulfill (a promise)
    3. to remain in a good condition, not to get spoiled
    4. preserve
    5. (reflexive) stay
      Han höll sig inomhus när det var så kallt igår.
      He stayed indoors yesterday as it was so cold.
    6. to maintain, to keep from changing; to stop moving
      Håll temperaturen på en jämn nivå.
      Keep the temperature at an even level.
    7. to raise animals (chiefly for food)
  5. to not tear or break; to remain intact or in a functional condition
    Vasen höll trots att den föll i golvet
    The vase didn't break even though it fell to the floor

Usage notes[edit]

Alternative, but less accepted, form of the supine is "hållt"


Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Ume Sami[edit]


(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)



  1. speech
  2. (in the plural) words


Even a-stem, ll-l gradation
Nominative hå̄lla
Genitive hå̄lan
Singular Plural
Nominative hå̄lla hå̄lah
Accusative hå̄luv
Genitive hå̄lan hå̄lij
Illative hå̄llije hå̄lijde
Inessive hå̄lasne hå̄lijne
Elative hå̄laste hå̄lijste
Comitative hå̄lijne hå̄lijgüjme
Abessive hå̄lat
Essive hå̄llane

Further reading[edit]

  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002-2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[1], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland