haben

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See also: Haben

German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ham (in informal writing)
  • han (archaic, dialectal)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German haben, from Old High German habēn (Akin to Old Saxon hebbian, Old Norse hafa (Swedish hava/ha), Old Frisian habba, Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌱𐌰𐌽 (haban), Old English habban), from Proto-Germanic *habjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂p- (to grasp). Cognate with Dutch hebben, English have, Danish have.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhaːbən/, [ˈhaːbən], [ˈhaːbm̩] (standard)
  • IPA(key): /ham/ (common; particularly in the present tense, occasionally also in the infinitive)
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

haben (strong, third-person singular simple present hat, past tense hatte, past participle gehabt, past subjunctive hätte, auxiliary haben)

  1. (auxiliary, with a past participle) to have (forms the perfect and past perfect tense)
  2. (transitive) to have; to own (to possess, have ownership of; to possess a certain characteristic)
  3. (transitive) to have; to hold (to contain within itself/oneself)
    Glaub und hab keine Angst.
    Believe and don't be afraid or Believe and have no fear.
  4. (transitive) to have, get (to obtain, acquire)
  5. (transitive) to get (to receive)
  6. (transitive) to have (to be scheduled to attend)
  7. (transitive) to have (to be afflicted with, suffer from)
  8. (transitive, of units of measure) to contain, be composed of, equal
    Ein Meter hat 100 Zentimeter.
    There are 100 centimetres in one metre.
    (literally, “One metre has 100 centimetres.”)
  9. (impersonal, dialectal, with es) there be, there is, there are
    Es hat zwei Bücher.
    There are two books.
  10. (reflexive, colloquial) to make a fuss
    Hab dich nicht so!
    Don't make such a fuss!
  11. (colloquial, with es and mit) to be occupied with, to like
    Ich hab's nich so mit Hunden.
    I'm not a great fan of dogs.
    (literally, “I don't have it that much with dogs.”)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *habjaną, whence also Old Saxon hebbian, Old English habban, Old Norse hafa, Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌱𐌰𐌽 (haban). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂p- (to grasp), whence also Latin capiō.

Verb[edit]

habēn

  1. to have

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]