hak

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See also: HAK, Hak, hák, and ha̍k

Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkishحق(hak, the right, justice; a right; due, share; remuneration), from Arabicحَقّ(ḥaqq, truth).[1]

Noun[edit]

hak f (plural hakë)

  1. revenge;
  2. earnings, reward;
  3. just deserts (deserved punishment);
  4. right, justice

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bufli, G.; Rocchi, L. (2021), “hak”, in A historical-etymological dictionary of Turkisms in Albanian (1555–1954), Trieste: Edizioni Università di Trieste, page 183

Further reading[edit]

  • “hak”, in FGJSSH: Fjalor i gjuhës së sotme shqipe [Dictionary of the modern Albanian language]‎[1] (in Albanian), 1980

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɦɑk/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: hak
  • Rhymes: -ɑk

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch hacke, from Middle Low German hakke, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *hak(k)-, perhaps related to *hakô. Cognate with German Hacke.

Noun[edit]

hak m (plural hakken, diminutive hakje n)

  1. heel of a shoe
  2. heel of a foot
    Synonym: hiel
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: hak
  • Caribbean Javanese: hag
  • Indonesian: hak (heel of a shoe)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch hac, from Proto-West Germanic *hakkōn.

Noun[edit]

hak m (plural hakken, diminutive hakje n)

  1. hoe (agricultural tool, gardening tool)

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

hak

  1. inflection of hakken:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hak

  1. singular imperative of haken
  2. (colloquial) first-person singular present of haken

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse haki, from Proto-Germanic *hakô.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hak n (genitive singular haks, nominative plural hök)

  1. a small hook or barb

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay hak, from Classical Malay hak, from Arabicحَقّ(ḥaqq, truth).

Noun[edit]

hak (first-person possessive hakku, second-person possessive hakmu, third-person possessive haknya)

  1. right: that which complies with justice, law or reason; a legal, just or moral entitlement.
    Kita harus menghormati hak orang lain.We must respect the rights of other people.
  2. property, ownership, title, interest.
    Synonyms: kepunyaan, milik
  3. competence, competency.
    Synonyms: kewenangan, kekuasaan, wewenang
  4. degree, status.
    Synonyms: derajat, martabat
  5. duty, obligation.
  6. truth.

Adjective[edit]

hak

  1. right, truly.
    Synonym: benar

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Dutch hak (heel of a shoe), from Middle Dutch hacke, from Middle Low German hakke, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *hak(k)-.

Noun[edit]

hak (first-person possessive hakku, second-person possessive hakmu, third-person possessive haknya)

  1. heel: the part of a shoe's sole which supports the foot's heel.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Dutch haak (hook), from Middle Dutch hāke, from Old Dutch *hako, from Proto-Germanic *hakô.

Noun[edit]

hak (first-person possessive hakku, second-person possessive hakmu, third-person possessive haknya)

  1. buttonhook
    1. (sewing) A hook used to pull thread through the holes of a button
    2. A hook for pulling the buttons of gloves and shoes through the buttonholes.
  2. (surgery, colloquial) retractor: a surgical instrument used to hold apart the edges of an incision or wound.
    Synonym: retraktor

Further reading[edit]

Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicحَقّ(ḥaqq, truth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hak (Jawi spellingحق⁩, plural hak-hak, informal 1st possessive hakku, 2nd possessive hakmu, 3rd possessive haknya)

  1. right: that which complies with justice, law or reason; a legal, just or moral entitlement.
  2. property, ownership, title, interest
    Synonyms: kepunyaan, milik
  3. duty, obligation
  4. truth

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hak (Jawi spellingحق⁩)

  1. right, truly
    Synonym: benar

Further reading[edit]

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Probably Derived from Old Norse [Term?], compare Old Icelandic hākr (in personal names).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hak

  1. (Late Middle English, hapax) unsparing; ruthless, rough;
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably shortened form of hakeneie (hackney horse).

Noun[edit]

hak (plural hakkes)

  1. (hapax) A riding horse.
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

hak

  1. Alternative form of hacche

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

hak

  1. Alternative form of hakke

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
hak

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Middle High German hāke, hāken, from Old High German hāko (hook).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hak m inan (diminutive haczyk)

  1. hook
  2. (informal, usually in the plural) kompromat

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • hak in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • hak in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

hak n

  1. (colloquial) a simple or lowly place where food is served; a joint

Declension[edit]

Declension of hak 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative hak haket hak haken
Genitive haks hakets haks hakens

Derived terms[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkishحق(hakk), from Arabicحَقّ(ḥaqq, truth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hak (definite accusative hakkı, plural haklar or (dated) hukuk)

  1. justice, fairness
    Synonyms: adalet, hakkaniyet, türe
  2. right, liberty
    Synonyms: özgürlük, hürriyet
    Kadın hakları.Women's rights.
  3. legal entitlement, claim, privilege, title, authority
    maden haklarımining rights
    Mary, Elizabeth'in taht iddiasının geçersiz olduğuna inanıyordu.Mary believed that Elizabeth's claim to the throne was invalid.
  4. truth, righteousness, verity, truthfulness
    Maat, Antik Mısır'ın hak ve adalet tanrıçası.Maat, the Ancient Egyptian goddess of truth and justice.
  5. share, fee or due in return for labor

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative hak
Definite accusative hakkı
Singular Plural
Nominative hak haklar
Definite accusative hakkı hakları
Dative hakka haklara
Locative hakta haklarda
Ablative haktan haklardan
Genitive hakkın hakların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular hakkım haklarım
2nd singular hakkın hakların
3rd singular hakkı hakları
1st plural hakkımız haklarımız
2nd plural hakkınız haklarınız
3rd plural hakları hakları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular hakkımı haklarımı
2nd singular hakkını haklarını
3rd singular hakkını haklarını
1st plural hakkımızı haklarımızı
2nd plural hakkınızı haklarınızı
3rd plural haklarını haklarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular hakkıma haklarıma
2nd singular hakkına haklarına
3rd singular hakkına haklarına
1st plural hakkımıza haklarımıza
2nd plural hakkınıza haklarınıza
3rd plural haklarına haklarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular hakkımda haklarımda
2nd singular hakkında haklarında
3rd singular hakkında haklarında
1st plural hakkımızda haklarımızda
2nd plural hakkınızda haklarınızda
3rd plural haklarında haklarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular hakkımdan haklarımdan
2nd singular hakkından haklarından
3rd singular hakkından haklarından
1st plural hakkımızdan haklarımızdan
2nd plural hakkınızdan haklarınızdan
3rd plural haklarından haklarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular hakkımın haklarımın
2nd singular hakkının haklarının
3rd singular hakkının haklarının
1st plural hakkımızın haklarımızın
2nd plural hakkınızın haklarınızın
3rd plural haklarının haklarının

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • hak”, in Turkish dictionaries, Türk Dil Kurumu

Turkmen[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicحَقّ(ḥaqq).

Noun[edit]

hak (definite accusative haky, plural haklar)

  1. truth
  2. wage

Derived terms[edit]

Zazaki[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Ossetian айк (ajk), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hāwyám.

Noun[edit]

hak

  1. egg

Zhuang[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Chinese (MC khaek). Doublet of hek.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hak (Sawndip forms 𮮛 or 𰍛 or or or 𬾼 or ⿰官斈 or or ⿰亻巷, 1957–1982 spelling hak)

  1. government official

Derived terms[edit]