hauta

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Basque[edit]

Noun[edit]

hauta

  1. choice

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *hauta, borrowed from Proto-Germanic *sauþaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɑu̯tɑ/, [ˈhɑu̯t̪ɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑutɑ
  • Syllabification(key): hau‧ta

Noun[edit]

hauta

  1. grave, tomb
  2. trench (long, steep-sided, narrow depression in the ocean floor)
    Mariaanien hauta
    Mariana Trench
  3. kiln, in the compound term tervahauta (tar kiln)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of hauta (Kotus type 9*F/kala, t-d gradation)
nominative hauta haudat
genitive haudan hautojen
partitive hautaa hautoja
illative hautaan hautoihin
singular plural
nominative hauta haudat
accusative nom. hauta haudat
gen. haudan
genitive haudan hautojen
hautainrare
partitive hautaa hautoja
inessive haudassa haudoissa
elative haudasta haudoista
illative hautaan hautoihin
adessive haudalla haudoilla
ablative haudalta haudoilta
allative haudalle haudoille
essive hautana hautoina
translative haudaksi haudoiksi
instructive haudoin
abessive haudatta haudoitta
comitative hautoineen
Possessive forms of hauta (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person hautani hautamme
2nd person hautasi hautanne
3rd person hautansa

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Hauta (1).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *hauta. Cognates include Finnish hauta and Estonian hauda.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hauta

  1. pit
    • 1937, V. A. Tetjurev, N. I. Molotsova, transl., Loonnontiito (ensimäin osa): oppikirja alkușkoulun kolmatta klaassaa vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 5:
      Jos kynnetyn maan pääl möö kaivaamma havvan, nii havvan servääs möö näemmä slojan mustaa tali harmaata maata.
      If in the surface of the earth we dig a pit, then on the edge of the pit we see a layer of black or grey soil.
  2. grave

Declension[edit]

Declension of hauta (type 3/kana, aut-avv gradation)
singular plural
nominative hauta havvat
genitive havvan hautoin
partitive hautaa hautoja
illative hautaa hautoi
inessive havvaas havvois
elative havvast havvoist
allative havvalle havvoille
adessive havvaal havvoil
ablative havvalt havvoilt
translative havvaks havvoiks
essive hautanna, hautaan hautoinna, hautoin
exessive1) hautant hautoint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 49

Karelian[edit]

Regional variants of hauta
North Karelian
(Viena)
hauta
South Karelian
(Tver)
hauda

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *hauta. Cognates include Finnish hauta and Estonian haud.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɑu̯tɑ/
  • Hyphenation: hau‧ta

Noun[edit]

hauta (genitive hauvan, partitive hautua)

  1. (North Karelian) pit
  2. (North Karelian) grave

Declension[edit]

Viena Karelian declension of hauta (type 4/kala, ut-uv gradation)
singular plural
nominative hauta hauvat
genitive hauvan hautojen
partitive hautua hautoja
illative hautah hautoih
inessive hauvašša hauvoissa
elative hauvašta hauvoista
adessive hauvalla hauvoilla
ablative hauvalta hauvoilta
translative hauvakši hauvoiksi
essive hautana hautoina
comitative hauvoineh
comitative hauvatta hauvoitta
Possessive forms of hauta
1st person hautani
2nd person hautaš
3rd person hautah
*) Possessive forms are very rare for adjectives and only used in substantivised clauses.

References[edit]

  • P. M. Zaykov et al. (2015), “яма”, in Venäjä-Viena Šanakirja [Russian-Viena Karelian Dictionary], →ISBN