horizon

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French orizon, via Latin horizōn, from Ancient Greek ὁρίζων (horízōn), from ὅρος (hóros, boundary)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /həˈɹaɪzən/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

horizon (plural horizons)

  1. The visible horizontal line or point (in all directions) that appears to connect the Earth to the sky.
    Synonyms: skysill, skyline
    A tall building was visible on the horizon.
  2. (figuratively) The range or limit of one's knowledge, experience or interest; a boundary or threshold.
    Some students take a gap year after finishing high school to broaden their horizons.
    With clinical researchers hard at work, a new treatment is on the horizon.
  3. The range or limit of any dimension in which one exists.
    • 2003, Miguel de Beistegui, Thinking with Heidegger: Displacements, →ISBN, page 157:
      Only mortality, this irreducible and primordial horizon, that very horizon which, in Being and Time, Heidegger so compellingly revealed as the unsurpassable and defining possibility, remains.
  4. (geology) A specific layer of soil or strata
  5. (archaeology, chiefly US) A cultural sub-period or level within a more encompassing time period.
  6. Any level line or surface.
  7. (chess) The point at which a computer chess algorithm stops searching for further moves.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin horizōn, from Ancient Greek ὁρίζων (horízōn), from ὅρος (hóros, boundary).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

horizon m (plural horizonten or horizonnen)

  1. horizon
    Synonyms: kim, einder

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: horizon

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin horizōn, from Ancient Greek ὁρίζων (horízōn), from ὅρος (hóros, boundary).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

horizon m (plural horizons)

  1. horizon

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch horizon, from Latin horizōn, from Ancient Greek ὁρίζων (horízōn), from ὅρος (hóros, boundary).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [hoˈrizɔn]
  • Hyphenation: ho‧ri‧zon

Noun[edit]

horizon (first-person possessive horizonku, second-person possessive horizonmu, third-person possessive horizonnya)

  1. horizon:
    1. the visible horizontal line or point (in all directions) that appears to connect the Earth to the sky.
      Synonym: cakrawala
    2. (geoglogy) a specific layer of soil or strata.
  2. (in extension) sky, atmosphere, space
    Synonyms: ambara, angkasa, awang-awang, bumantara, cakrawala, dirgantara, langit, udara

Compounds[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ὁρίζων (horízōn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

horizōn m (genitive horizontis); third declension

  1. horizon

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (non-Greek-type or Greek-type, variant with nominative singular in -ōn).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative horizōn horizontēs
Genitive horizontis
horizontos
horizontum
horizontium
Dative horizontī horizontibus
Accusative horizontem
horizonta
horizontēs
horizontās
Ablative horizonte horizontibus
Vocative horizōn horizontēs

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • horizon in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • horizon in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette