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From Proto-Italic *hortos, from earlier *xortos (to differentiate it from a later form *hortos if the shift */x/ > */h/ in the Italic languages already happened during late Proto-Italic), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰortós. Cognate with Oscan 𐌇𐌞𐌓𐌆 (húrz), Ancient Greek χόρτος (khórtos), Old English ġeard. More at yard.





hortus m (genitive hortī); second declension

  1. garden



Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative hortus hortī
Genitive hortī hortōrum
Dative hortō hortīs
Accusative hortum hortōs
Ablative hortō hortīs
Vocative horte hortī




  • hortus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • hortus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • hortus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • hortus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to bring a stream of water through the garden: aquam ducere per hortum
  • hortus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • hortus”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin