From Middle English idroforbia (“hydrophobia”), from Latin hydrophobia, from Ancient Greek ὑδροφοβία (hudrophobía), from υδρο- (udro-, “prefix meaning ‘water’”) (from ῠ̔́δωρ (húdōr, “water”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *wed- (“water”)) + φοβία (phobía, “phobia”). The word is analysable as hydro- + -phobia.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˌhʌɪ.dɹə(ʊ)ˈfəʊ.bɪ.ə/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˌhaɪ.dɹəˈfoʊ.bɪ.ə/
- Rhymes: -əʊbiə
- Hyphenation: hy‧dro‧phob‧ia
- (pathology) An aversion to water, as a symptom of rabies; the disease of rabies itself.
- 1603, John Florio, transl.; Michel de Montaigne, “An Apologie of Raymond Sebond”, in The Essayes, […], book II, printed at London: By Val[entine] Simmes for Edward Blount […], OCLC 946730821, page 319:
- 1872, George Fleming, “Introduction”, in Rabies and Hydrophobia: Their History, Nature, Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention, London: Chapman and Hall, […], OCLC 494794227, pages 5–6:
- Hydrophobia may, without risk, be applied to the disease in mankind, and serve to distinguish it; but it would be most injudicious to retain it as a designation for the madness or rabies of the lower animals. […] "Hydrophobia" is not even a proper designation for the malady in him [man], inasmuch as authors have described a spontaneous hydrophobia in the human species, or certain symptoms resembling those of hydrophobia, which certainly were not the same as those produced by the bite of a rabid animal, neither was the presence of a transmissible virus proved to exist.
- (psychology, colloquial) A morbid fear of water; aquaphobia.
A morbid fear of water is technically called aquaphobia, so not to be confused with rabies.
- (symptom of rabies): hydrophoby (archaic)
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
- ^ From the collection of the Wellcome Library in London, England, UK, from George Fleming (1872), “Symptoms”, in Rabies and Hydrophobia: Their History, Nature, Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention, London: Chapman and Hall, […], OCLC 494794227, page 230.
- ^ “hydrophobia” (US) / “hydrophobia” (UK) in Oxford Dictionaries, Oxford University Press.