hydrophobia

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

An illustration showing a dog in a late stage of hydrophobia (sense 1) or rabies[1]

From Middle English idroforbia (hydrophobia), from Latin hydrophobia, from Ancient Greek ὑδροφοβία (hudrophobía),[2] from υδρο- (udro-, prefix meaning ‘water’) (from ῠ̔́δωρ (húdōr, water), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *wed- (water)) + φοβία (phobía, phobia). The word is analysable as hydro- +‎ -phobia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hydrophobia (countable and uncountable, plural hydrophobias)

  1. (pathology) An aversion to water, as a symptom of rabies; the disease of rabies itself.
    • 1603, John Florio, transl.; Michel de Montaigne, “An Apologie of Raymond Sebond”, in The Essayes, [], book II, printed at London: By Val[entine] Simmes for Edward Blount [], OCLC 946730821, page 319:
      [] Cato, who ſcorned both death and fortune, could not abide the ſight of a looking glaſſe or of water; overcome with horrour, and quelled with amazement, if by the contagion of a mad dog he had falne into that ſickneſſe which Phiſitians call Hydroforbia, or feare of waters.
    • 1872, George Fleming, “Introduction”, in Rabies and Hydrophobia: Their History, Nature, Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention, London: Chapman and Hall, [], OCLC 494794227, pages 5–6:
      Hydrophobia may, without risk, be applied to the disease in mankind, and serve to distinguish it; but it would be most injudicious to retain it as a designation for the madness or rabies of the lower animals. [] "Hydrophobia" is not even a proper designation for the malady in him [man], inasmuch as authors have described a spontaneous hydrophobia in the human species, or certain symptoms resembling those of hydrophobia, which certainly were not the same as those produced by the bite of a rabid animal, neither was the presence of a transmissible virus proved to exist.
  2. (psychology, colloquial) A morbid fear of water; aquaphobia.

Usage notes[edit]

A morbid fear of water is technically called aquaphobia, so not to be confused with rabies.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ From the collection of the Wellcome Library in London, England, UK, from George Fleming (1872), “Symptoms”, in Rabies and Hydrophobia: Their History, Nature, Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention, London: Chapman and Hall, [], OCLC 494794227, page 230.
  2. ^ hydrophobia” (US) / “hydrophobia” (UK) in Oxford Dictionaries, Oxford University Press.

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ὑδροφοβία (hudrophobía).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hydrophobia f (genitive hydrophobiae); first declension

  1. hydrophobia

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]