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PIE root

From Latin hypothecatus, past participle of hypotheco, hypothecare. This was in turn derived from Ancient Greek ὑποθήκη ‎(hupothḗkē, pledge), from the verb ὑποτίθημι ‎(hupotíthēmi, to pledge as surety).



hypothecate ‎(third-person singular simple present hypothecates, present participle hypothecating, simple past and past participle hypothecated)

  1. (transitive) To pledge (something) as surety for a loan; to pawn, mortgage.
    • 1943, Raymond Chandler, The High Window, Penguin 2005, p. 12:
      ‘My husband, Jasper Murdock, provided in his will that no part of his collection might be sold, loaned or hypothecated during my lifetime.’
  2. (politics, Britain) To designate a new tax or tax increase for a specific expenditure

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