iarr

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish íarraid, from íar (after), from Proto-Celtic *eɸiro-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi- (near, at, against); compare Ancient Greek ἐπί (epí, on, over, at).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

iarr (present analytic iarrann, future analytic iarrfaidh, verbal noun iarraidh, past participle iarrtha)

  1. to ask, ask for, request
  2. to try, attempt

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
iarr n-iarr hiarr t-iarr
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish iarraim

Verb[edit]

iarr (past dh'iarr, future iarraidh, verbal noun iarraidh, past participle iarrte)

  1. want
  2. ask, request, demand
  3. seek, search, look for, probe
    Chan fhaic 's chan iarr iad.They shall neiher see nor enquire.
  4. invite
    Iarr e gu pàrtaidh.Invite him to a party.
  5. (dated) pain, purge (as medicine)

Usage notes[edit]

  • In the sense of requesting or desiring takes the preposition air:
    Dh'iarr e airgead oirre.He asked her for money.
    An iarr thu air sin a thachairt?Will you desire that to happen?

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • A Pronouncing and Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language (John Grant, Edinburgh, 1925, Compiled by Malcolm MacLennan)