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From Old Irish íarraid, from íar (after), from Proto-Celtic *eɸirom, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi (near, at, against); compare Ancient Greek ἐπί (epí, on, over, at).



iarr (present analytic iarrann, future analytic iarrfaidh, verbal noun iarraidh, past participle iarrtha)

  1. to ask, ask for, request
  2. to try, attempt
    Synonyms: triail, bain triail as


Derived terms[edit]


Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
iarr n-iarr hiarr not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]


From Old Irish iarraid


iarr (past dh'iarr, future iarraidh, verbal noun iarraidh, past participle iarrte)

  1. want
  2. ask, request, demand
  3. seek, search, look for, probe
    Chan fhaic 's chan iarr iad.They shall neither see nor enquire.
    Synonyms: lorg, sir
  4. invite
    Iarr e gu pàrtaidh.Invite him to a party.
  5. (dated) pain, purge (as medicine)

Usage notes[edit]

  • In the sense of requesting or desiring takes the preposition air:
    Dh'iarr e airgead oirre.He asked her for money.
    An iarr thu air sin a thachairt?Will you desire that to happen?

Derived terms[edit]


  • iarr” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • A Pronouncing and Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language (John Grant, Edinburgh, 1925, Compiled by Malcolm MacLennan)