id

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Translingual[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Symbol[edit]

id

  1. (mathematics) identity function
  2. (international standards) ISO 639-1 language code for Indonesian.

Numeral[edit]

id

  1. (informal) A Roman numeral representing four hundred and ninety-nine (499).

Alternative forms[edit]

See also[edit]

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From New Latin id (it), chosen by Freud’s translator as a translation of his use of German Es (it) as a noun for this concept from the pronoun es (it).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

id (plural ids)

  1. (psychoanalysis) The unconscious impulsive component of the personality in the Freudian psychoanalytic model.
    • 1912, Arthur Conan Doyle, The Lost World [], London, New York, N.Y.: Hodder and Stoughton, →OCLC:
      "There is one sentence in it, however - namely: 'I protest strongly against the insufferable and entirely dogmatic assertion that each separate id is a microcosm possessed of an historical architecture elaborated slowly through the series of generations.' Have you no desire, in view of later research, to modify this statement?"
    • 2012 June 3, Nathan Rabin, “TV: Review: THE SIMPSONS (CLASSIC): “Mr. Plow” (season 4, episode 9; originally aired 11/19/1992)”, in (Please provide the book title or journal name)[1]:
      Almost as an afterthought, we’re given an origin story for Barney’s alcoholism: he was once a sober, studious, Ivy League-bound high school scholar before Homer forced a beer on him that transformed him into a drooling, slurring, out of control rampaging id.
    • 2023 September 27, Spencer Kornhaber, “The Weirdos Living Inside Our Phones”, in The Atlantic[2]:
      The phenomenon may seem like a random burble of the internet’s id, but Alvarez has been making similarly entrancing—if mostly nonmusical—work for the past few years.
Synonyms[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Swedish id.

Noun[edit]

id (plural ids)

  1. Alternative spelling of ide (the fish)

Etymology 3[edit]

Abbreviation of identifier.

Noun[edit]

id (plural ids)

  1. (computing) Identifier.

Etymology 4[edit]

Abbreviation of idem., from Latin idem (same)

Pronoun[edit]

id

  1. Alternative form of id.

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Blagar[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

id

  1. star

References[edit]

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English id, from New Latin as a translation of German Es from the pronoun es (it).

Noun[edit]

id n

  1. id (psychoanalysis)
    Synonym: ono

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse . More at ident.

Noun[edit]

id c

  1. pursuit, business, calling

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Latin id as a translation of German Es from the pronoun es (it).

Noun[edit]

id n (singular definite id'et, not used in plural form)

  1. id (one of the three components of the personality in the Freudian psychoanalytic model)

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

id n

  1. ID (identification or identity documentation, such as in ID card)

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from New Latin id.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈid/, [ˈid]
  • Rhymes: -id
  • Syllabification(key): id

Noun[edit]

id

  1. (psychology) id

Declension[edit]

Inflection of id (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative id idit
genitive idin idien
partitive idiä idejä
illative idiin ideihin
singular plural
nominative id idit
accusative nom. id idit
gen. idin
genitive idin idien
partitive idiä idejä
inessive idissä ideissä
elative idistä ideistä
illative idiin ideihin
adessive idillä ideillä
ablative idiltä ideiltä
allative idille ideille
essive idinä ideinä
translative idiksi ideiksi
abessive idittä ideittä
instructive idein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of id (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative idini idini
accusative nom. idini idini
gen. idini
genitive idini idieni
partitive idiäni idejäni
inessive idissäni ideissäni
elative idistäni ideistäni
illative idiini ideihini
adessive idilläni ideilläni
ablative idiltäni ideiltäni
allative idilleni ideilleni
essive idinäni ideinäni
translative idikseni ideikseni
abessive idittäni ideittäni
instructive
comitative ideineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative idisi idisi
accusative nom. idisi idisi
gen. idisi
genitive idisi idiesi
partitive idiäsi idejäsi
inessive idissäsi ideissäsi
elative idistäsi ideistäsi
illative idiisi ideihisi
adessive idilläsi ideilläsi
ablative idiltäsi ideiltäsi
allative idillesi ideillesi
essive idinäsi ideinäsi
translative idiksesi ideiksesi
abessive idittäsi ideittäsi
instructive
comitative ideinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative idimme idimme
accusative nom. idimme idimme
gen. idimme
genitive idimme idiemme
partitive idiämme idejämme
inessive idissämme ideissämme
elative idistämme ideistämme
illative idiimme ideihimme
adessive idillämme ideillämme
ablative idiltämme ideiltämme
allative idillemme ideillemme
essive idinämme ideinämme
translative idiksemme ideiksemme
abessive idittämme ideittämme
instructive
comitative ideinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative idinne idinne
accusative nom. idinne idinne
gen. idinne
genitive idinne idienne
partitive idiänne idejänne
inessive idissänne ideissänne
elative idistänne ideistänne
illative idiinne ideihinne
adessive idillänne ideillänne
ablative idiltänne ideiltänne
allative idillenne ideillenne
essive idinänne ideinänne
translative idiksenne ideiksenne
abessive idittänne ideittänne
instructive
comitative ideinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative idinsä idinsä
accusative nom. idinsä idinsä
gen. idinsä
genitive idinsä idiensä
partitive idiään
idiänsä
idejään
idejänsä
inessive idissään
idissänsä
ideissään
ideissänsä
elative idistään
idistänsä
ideistään
ideistänsä
illative idiinsä ideihinsä
adessive idillään
idillänsä
ideillään
ideillänsä
ablative idiltään
idiltänsä
ideiltään
ideiltänsä
allative idilleen
idillensä
ideilleen
ideillensä
essive idinään
idinänsä
ideinään
ideinänsä
translative idikseen
idiksensä
ideikseen
ideiksensä
abessive idittään
idittänsä
ideittään
ideittänsä
instructive
comitative ideineen
ideinensä

Further reading[edit]

Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

id (triggers lenition)

  1. (Munster) Contraction of i do (in your).
    Ná téigh amach id bhoinn.
    Don’t go out in your bare feet.

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the pronominal Proto-Indo-European *ís; see also Old Church Slavonic онъ (onŭ, he), Lithuanian ans (he), Latin idem (the same), and Sanskrit third person pronoun एना (enā, that).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

id n

  1. nominative neuter singular of is; it
  2. accusative neuter singular of is; it

Descendants[edit]

  • Italian: desso (id + ipsum)
  • Czech: id
  • Danish: id
  • English: id

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • id in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[4], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be of such and such an age: ea aetate, id aetatis esse
    • I wish you all success in the matter: bene id tibi vertat!
    • my intention is..: id sequor, ut
    • he attained his object: id quod voluit consecutus est
    • he attained his object: ad id quod voluit pervenit
    • with this very object: ad id ipsum
    • the point at issue: id, de quo agitur or id quod cadit in controversiam
    • a theme, subject proposed for discussion: id quod (mihi) propositum est
    • a theme, subject proposed for discussion: id quod quaerimus (quaeritur)
    • a theme, subject proposed for discussion: institutum or id quod institui
    • but to return from the digression we have been making: sed ad id, unde digressi sumus, revertamur
    • but to return from the digression we have been making: verum ut ad id, unde digressa est oratio, revertamur
    • the question now is..: nunc id quaeritur, agitur
    • the rate of interest has gone up from 4 per cent to 8 per cent: fenus ex triente Id. Quint. factum erat bessibus (Att. 4. 15. 7)
    • I do not take that too strictly: non id ad vivum reseco (Lael. 5. 8)
    • the main point: id quod maximum, gravissimum est
    • no wonder: nec mirum, minime mirum (id quidem), quid mirum?
    • there is nothing strange in that: neque id mirum est or videri debet
    • quite rightly: recte, iure id quidem
    • and rightly too: neque id immerito (iniuria)

Malay[edit]

Noun[edit]

id

  1. feast day

Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From general dialectal Arabicايد(ʔīd), variant of classical ⁧يَد(yad). Doublet of jedd.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

id f (plural idejn, plural construct state idej, diminutive wejda)

  1. (anatomy) hand
  2. (idiomatic, in the plural) control
    Il-kumpanija qiegħda f’idejja.
    The company is in my hands.

Inflection[edit]

    Inflected forms
Personal-pronoun-
including forms
singular plural
m f
1st person idi idna
2nd person idek idkom
3rd person idu idha idhom

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

From Arabicعِيد(ʕīd), short for id al-fitr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

id m

  1. (Islam) Eid

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ID (upper case)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

id m (definite singular id-en, indefinite plural id-ar, definite plural id-ane)

  1. abbreviation of identitet (identity).
  2. abbreviation of identifikasjon (identification).

Etymology 3[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn
fisken id

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

id m (definite singular iden, indefinite plural idar, definite plural idane)

  1. an ide, Leuciscus idus
    Synonyms: hirsling, vederbuk

Etymology 4[edit]

From Old Norse , íð. Compare with Swedish id.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

id f (definite singular ida, uncountable)

  1. (archaic) effort, work
    Synonyms: ihuge, strev
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from New Latin id.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

id n (indeclinable)

  1. (psychoanalysis) id (the unconscious impulsive component of the personality in the Freudian psychoanalytic model)

Further reading[edit]

  • id in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • id in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

id m (plural ids)

  1. Abbreviation of identificador.
  2. Abbreviation of identificação.

Adverb[edit]

id (not comparable)

  1. Abbreviation of idem.

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈid/ [ˈið̞]
  • Rhymes: -id
  • Syllabification: id

Verb[edit]

id

  1. second-person plural imperative of ir

Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Swedish idh. Attested on Södermanlands runinskrifter 60. Cognate of Icelandic (fidgeting). Arguably from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ey- (to go).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

id c

  1. (obsolete) effort, work, occupation
    de voro nog skilda / till stånd och id, / men samma milda / söndagsfrid / låg över alla pannor dock.
    they belonged to different stands and occupations, but their foreheads shared the same mild Sunday peace.
    det unga, kraftiga amerikanska folkets rastlösa lif och id
    the young, strong American people's restless life and work
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

id c

  1. (rare) the tree Taxus baccata, more commonly known as idegran
Declension[edit]
Declension of id 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative id iden
Genitive ids idens
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂eydʰ- (shine; burn). Compare origin of braxen, löja.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

id c

  1. ide; a fish, Leuciscus idus
Declension[edit]
Declension of id 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative id iden idar idarna
Genitive ids idens idars idarnas

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1. id in Elof Hellquist, Svensk etymologisk ordbok (1st ed., 1922)
  • 2. id in Elof Hellquist, Svensk etymologisk ordbok (1st ed., 1922)
  • idh in Knut Fredrik Söderwall, Ordbok öfver svenska medeltids-språket, del 1: A-L

Anagrams[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

id (definite accusative idi, plural idler)

  1. The unconscious impulsive component of the personality in the Freudian psychoanalytic model