idiot

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See also: Idiot and IDiot

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Old French idiote (later idiot), from Latin idiota, from Ancient Greek ἰδιώτης(idiṓtēs, a private citizen, one who has no professional knowledge, layman), from ἴδιος(ídios, one's own, pertaining to oneself, private); ἰδιώτης(idiṓtēs) was used derisively in ancient Athens to refer to one who declined to take part in public life.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

idiot ‎(plural idiots)

  1. (pejorative) A person of low general intelligence.
  2. (obsolete, medicine, psychology) A person of the lowest intellectual standing, a person who lacks the capacity to develop beyond the mental age of a normal four-year-old; a person with an IQ below 30.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The word "idiot" is usually used pejoratively, as an insult. It is a weak insult, however, and between close friends, family members, or lovers, is often completely nonaggressive.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

idiot m

  1. idiot (disliked or slow-witted person)
  2. idiot (person who lacks the capacity to develop beyond the mental age of a normal four-year-old)

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • idiot in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • idiot in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French (cf. also the older form idiote), borrowed from Latin idiōta, from Ancient Greek ἰδιώτης(idiṓtēs, layman) from ἴδιος(ídios, private).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

idiot m ‎(feminine singular idiote, masculine plural idiots, feminine plural idiotes)

  1. idiotic; stupid

Noun[edit]

idiot m ‎(plural idiots, feminine idiote)

  1. idiot

External links[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἰδιώτης(idiṓtēs)

Noun[edit]

idiot m ‎(definite singular idioten, indefinite plural idioter, definite plural idiotene)

  1. an idiot, imbecile, fool

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἰδιώτης(idiṓtēs)

Noun[edit]

idiot m ‎(definite singular idioten, indefinite plural idiotar, definite plural idiotane)

  1. an idiot, imbecile, fool

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin idiōta, from Ancient Greek ἰδιώτης(idiṓtēs, layman) from ἴδιος(ídios, private).

Adjective[edit]

idiot m ‎(oblique and nominative feminine singular idiote)

  1. ignorant; narrow-minded

Usage notes[edit]

  • The form idiote was sometimes used as both masculine and feminine, as a direct borrowing from Latin idiota.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • (fr) Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (idiot, supplement)

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French idiot, itself borrowed from Latin idiōta, from Ancient Greek ἰδιώτης(idiṓtēs, layman) from ἴδιος(ídios, private).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

idiot m ‎(plural idioți, feminine equivalent idioată)

  1. idiot, moron, imbecile

Synonyms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

idiot m, n ‎(feminine singular idioată, masculine plural idioți, feminine and neuter plural idioate)

  1. stupid, idiotic, foolish, absurd

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin idiōta, from Ancient Greek ἰδιώτης(idiṓtēs, a private citizen, one who has no professional knowledge, layman).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /idǐot/
  • Hyphenation: i‧di‧ot

Noun[edit]

idìot m ‎(Cyrillic spelling идѝот)

  1. idiot

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin idiōta, from Ancient Greek ἰδιώτης(idiṓtēs, a private citizen, one who has no professional knowledge, layman).

Noun[edit]

idiot m ‎(genitive singular idiota, nominative plural idioti, declension pattern of chlap)

  1. (pejorative) idiot

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • idiot in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

idiot c

  1. (pejorative) idiot

Declension[edit]

Inflection of idiot 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative idiot idioten idioter idioterna
Genitive idiots idiotens idioters idioternas