imperium

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin imperium ‎(power, command), from imperō ‎(command, order), from im- ‎(form of in) + parō ‎(prepare, arrange; intend).

Noun[edit]

imperium ‎(countable and uncountable, plural imperia or imperiums)

  1. Supreme power; dominion.
  2. The right to command the force of the state, sovereignty.

Translations[edit]


Danish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /emˈpeˀɐ̯iɔm/

Noun[edit]

imperium n (singular definite imperiet, plural indefinite imperier)

  1. empire

References[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From imperō ‎(command, order), from im- ‎(form of in) + parō ‎(prepare, arrange; intend).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

imperium n ‎(genitive imperiī or imperī); second declension

  1. The empire, state, imperial government, realm, dominion
  2. The right or power to command or be in control; dominion.
    1. Absolute command over the empire (or other polity); sovereignty; sway.
    2. (military) Military authority, the command (of an army).
      • 27 BCE – 25 BCE, Titus Livius, Ab urbe condita libri 26.1
        Q. Fuluio Ap. Claudio, prioris anni consulibus, prorogatum imperium est atque exercitus quos habebant decreti, adiectumque ne a Capua quam obsidebant abscederent priusquam expugnassent.
        The military authority of Quintus Fulvius and Appius Claudius, consuls of the previous year, was extended and the armies which they had were decided upon, and it was added as a proviso that they should not withdraw from Capua, which they were besieging, until they conquered it.
  3. The exercise of authority, rule, law, control.
  4. A command, order, direction, bidding.

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative imperium imperia
genitive imperiī
imperī1
imperiōrum
dative imperiō imperiīs
accusative imperium imperia
ablative imperiō imperiīs
vocative imperium imperia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • imperium” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • imperium” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to enlarge the boundaries of a kingdom: fines (imperii) propagare, extendere, (longius) proferre
    • the empire reaches to the ends of the world: imperium orbis terrarum terminis definitur
    • to be a strict disciplinarian in one's household: severum imperium in suis exercere, tenere (De Sen. 11. 37)
    • monarchy: imperium singulare, unius dominatus, regium imperium
    • government by the mob: multitudinis dominatus or imperium
    • democracy: imperium populi or populare, civitas or res publica popularis
    • to confer supreme power on a person: imperium, rerum summam deferre alicui
    • to have power over some one: imperium tenere (in aliquem)
    • to maintain power, authority: imperium obtinere
    • to have unlimited power; to be invested with imperium: cum imperio esse (cf. XVI. 3)
    • to hold a high office (such as conferred imperium, i.e. consulatus, dictatura, praetura): in imperio esse
    • to prolong the command for a year: imperium in annum prorogare
    • to lay down one's power: imperium deponere (Rep. 2. 12. 23)
    • absolute power; autocracy: imperium singulare
    • to take upon oneself absolute power: imperium, regnum, tyrannidem occupare
    • to attack, overthrow a tyranny: imperium oppugnare, percellere
    • to prolong a person's command: prorogare alicui imperium (in annum)
    • civil and military offices: magistratus et imperia (Sall. Iug. 3. 1)
    • to deprive a person of his position as commandant: abrogare alicui imperium
    • the command-in-chief: summa belli, imperii (B. G. 2. 4. 7)
    • to hold a high command: cum imperio esse
    • to be commander-in-chief: imperii summam tenere (Rep. 2. 28)
    • to be commander-in-chief: imperii summae praeesse
    • to appoint some one commander-in-chief: imperii summam deferre alicui or ad aliquem, tradere alicui
    • the command is transferred, passes to some one: imperium transfertur ad aliquem (not transit)
    • to depose a person from his command: imperium alicui abrogare (Off.3. 10)
    • to make oneself master of a people, country: populum, terram suo imperio, suae potestati subicere (not sibi by itself)
    • to make one's submission to some one: se imperio alicuius subicere (not alicui)
    • to be subject to some one, under some one's dominion: sub imperio et dicione alicuius esse
    • to be subject to some one, under some one's dominion: subiectum esse, obnoxium esse imperio or dicioni alicuius (not simply alicui)
    • subjects: qui imperio subiecti sunt

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

imperium n ‎(definite singular imperiet, indefinite plural imperier, definite plural imperiene or imperia)

  1. empire

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

imperium n ‎(definite singular imperiet, indefinite plural imperium, definite plural imperia)

  1. empire

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin imperium, used in Swedish since 1845.

Noun[edit]

imperium n

  1. an empire (a state ruled by an emperor or czar)
    Den 6 juni började Italien minera sitt imperiums kuster.
    On June 6 [1940], Italy started to place mines along the coasts of its empire. [including at the time Italy and Libya]
  2. an empire (a huge state or similar sphere of power)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of imperium 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative imperium imperiet imperier imperierna
Genitive imperiums imperiets imperiers imperiernas

Related terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]