incubus

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See also: Incubus

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin incubus, from Latin incubo (nightmare, one who lies down on the sleeper), from incubāre (to lie upon, to hatch), from in- (on) + cubāre (to lie).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

incubus (plural incubi or incubuses)

1802 portrait of an incubus.
  1. An evil spirit supposed to oppress people while asleep, especially to have sex with women as they sleep.
  2. A feeling of oppression during sleep, sleep paralysis; night terrors, a nightmare.
  3. Any oppressive thing or person; a burden.
    • 2002, Colin Jones, The Great Nation, Penguin 2003, p. 132-3:
      Notions of civic virtue were at that moment changing, in ways which would make of Louis's alleged vices an incubus on the back of the monarchy.
  4. One of various of parasitic insects, especially Aphidiinae

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin incubus, from Latin incubo (nightmare, one who lies down on the sleeper), from incubare (to lie upon, to hatch).

Noun[edit]

incubus m (plural incubussen or incubi, diminutive incubusje n)

  1. An incubus, evil spirit
  2. A nightmare, horrible dream
  3. A burden, obsession, yoke

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From incubō¹ (I lie upon”, “I brood over”, “I am a burden to), perhaps via an alteration of the Classical incubō² (incubus”, “nightmare).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

incubus m (genitive incubī); second declension

  1. (Late Latin) the nightmare, incubus
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Augustine of Hippo to this entry?)
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Isidore of Seville to this entry?)

Declension[edit]

Second declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative incubus incubī
genitive incubī incubōrum
dative incubō incubīs
accusative incubum incubōs
ablative incubō incubīs
vocative incube incubī

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