incubus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Incubus

English[edit]

1802 portrait of an incubus.

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin incubus, from Latin incubo (nightmare, one who lies down on the sleeper), from incubāre (to lie upon, to hatch), from in- (on) + cubāre (to lie).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

incubus (plural incubi or incubuses)

  1. (mediaeval folklore) An evil spirit supposed to oppress people while asleep, especially to have sex with women as they sleep.
    Antonyms: succubus
  2. A feeling of oppression during sleep, sleep paralysis; night terrors, a nightmare.
    Synonyms: nightmare
    • 1621, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy, Oxford: Printed by Iohn Lichfield and Iames Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 216894069:, vol. I, New York 2001, p.249:
      it increaseth fearful dreams, incubus, night-walking, crying out, and much unquietness […].
  3. (by extension) Any oppressive thing or person; a burden.
    • 2002, Colin Jones, The Great Nation, Penguin 2003, p. 132-3:
      Notions of civic virtue were at that moment changing, in ways which would make of Louis's alleged vices an incubus on the back of the monarchy.
  4. (entomology) One of various of parasitic insects, especially Aphidiinae.

Hypernyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin incubus, from Latin incubo (nightmare, one who lies down on the sleeper), from incubare (to lie upon, to hatch).

Noun[edit]

incubus m (plural incubussen or incubi, diminutive incubusje n)

  1. An incubus, evil spirit
  2. A nightmare, horrible dream
  3. A burden, obsession, yoke

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From incubō¹ (I lie upon”, “I brood over”, “I am a burden to), perhaps via an alteration of the Classical incubō² (incubus”, “nightmare).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

incubus m (genitive incubī); second declension

  1. (Late Latin) the nightmare, incubus
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Augustine of Hippo to this entry?)
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Isidore of Seville to this entry?)

Declension[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative incubus incubī
genitive incubī incubōrum
dative incubō incubīs
accusative incubum incubōs
ablative incubō incubīs
vocative incube incubī

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • incŭbus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “INCUBI”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • incŭbus” on page 801/1 of Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Niermeyer, Jan Frederik (1976), “incubo (genet. -onis), incubus”, in Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus (in Latin), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 524/2