indulgeo

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From in- and an unattested verb *dulgeō, from Proto-Italic *dolɣēō, from Proto-Indo-European *delgʰ-. Possible relation to longus, Ancient Greek ἐνδελεχής (endelekhḗs, continuous), thus originally with the meaning of "being persistent, patient".

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

indulgeō (present infinitive indulgēre, perfect active indulsī, supine indultum); second conjugation

  1. (intransitive) I am kind or courteous (to); I am inclined (to); give free rein (to).
  2. (intransitive) I give myself up (to); I am addicted (to), indulge (in).
  3. (transitive) I concede, allow, grant, permit, bestow.
  4. I favor

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of indulgeo (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present indulgeō indulgēs indulget indulgēmus indulgētis indulgent
imperfect indulgēbam indulgēbās indulgēbat indulgēbāmus indulgēbātis indulgēbant
future indulgēbō indulgēbis indulgēbit indulgēbimus indulgēbitis indulgēbunt
perfect indulsī indulsistī indulsit indulsimus indulsistis indulsērunt, indulsēre
pluperfect indulseram indulserās indulserat indulserāmus indulserātis indulserant
future perfect indulserō indulseris indulserit indulserimus indulseritis indulserint
passive present indulgeor indulgēris, indulgēre indulgētur indulgēmur indulgēminī indulgentur
imperfect indulgēbar indulgēbāris, indulgēbāre indulgēbātur indulgēbāmur indulgēbāminī indulgēbantur
future indulgēbor indulgēberis, indulgēbere indulgēbitur indulgēbimur indulgēbiminī indulgēbuntur
perfect indultus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect indultus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect indultus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present indulgeam indulgeās indulgeat indulgeāmus indulgeātis indulgeant
imperfect indulgērem indulgērēs indulgēret indulgērēmus indulgērētis indulgērent
perfect indulserim indulserīs indulserit indulserīmus indulserītis indulserint
pluperfect indulsissem indulsissēs indulsisset indulsissēmus indulsissētis indulsissent
passive present indulgear indulgeāris, indulgeāre indulgeātur indulgeāmur indulgeāminī indulgeantur
imperfect indulgērer indulgērēris, indulgērēre indulgērētur indulgērēmur indulgērēminī indulgērentur
perfect indultus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect indultus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present indulgē indulgēte
future indulgētō indulgētō indulgētōte indulgentō
passive present indulgēre indulgēminī
future indulgētor indulgētor indulgentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives indulgēre indulsisse indultūrus esse indulgērī indultus esse indultum īrī
participles indulgēns indultūrus indultus indulgendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
indulgēre indulgendī indulgendō indulgendum indultum indultū

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • indulgeo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • indulgeo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • indulgeo” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to indulge oneself: animo or simply sibi indulgere
    • to give way to grief: dolori indulgere
    • to be indulgent to a person's faults: indulgere vitiis alicuius
    • to give free play to one's anger: irae indulgere (Liv. 23. 3)
    • to indulge one's caprice: sibi or ingenio suo indulgere (Nep. Chabr. 3)
    • to be given to drink: vino deditum esse, indulgere
  • indulgeo in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 96