inflame

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See also: inflamé

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English inflammen, enflamen, enflaumen, from Old French enflammer (to inflame), from Latin inflammō (to kindle, set on fire, verb), from in (in, on) + flamma (flame), equivalent to in- +‎ flame.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

inflame (third-person singular simple present inflames, present participle inflaming, simple past and past participle inflamed)

  1. (transitive) To set on fire; to kindle; to cause to burn, flame, or glow.
    • (Can we date this quote by Chapman?)
      We should have made retreat / By light of the inflamed fleet.
    • 1979, J.G. Ballard, The Unlimited Dream Company, chapter 7:
      Along the perimeter road the police car approached, headlamps inflaming the afternoon sunlight.
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To kindle or intensify (a feeling, as passion or appetite); to excite to an excessive or unnatural action or heat.
    to inflame desire
    • (Can we date this quote by John Milton?)
      more, it seems, inflamed with lust than rage
    • (Can we date this quote by John Dryden?)
      But, O inflame and fire our hearts.
    • 2017 August 25, "Arrest threat as Yingluck Shinawatra misses verdict", in aljazeera.com, Al Jazeera:
      The long-awaited verdict could inflame tension in the Southeast Asian country and have far-reaching implications in the politically divided kingdom.
  3. (transitive) To provoke (a person) to anger or rage; to exasperate; to irritate; to incense; to enrage.
  4. (transitive) To put in a state of inflammation; to produce morbid heat, congestion, or swelling, of.
    to inflame the eyes by overwork
  5. To exaggerate; to enlarge upon.
    • (Can we date this quote by Addison?)
      A friend exaggerates a man's virtues, an enemy inflames his crimes.
    • 1773, Oliver Goldsmith, She Stoops to Conquer
      As you say, we passengers are to be taxed to pay all these fineries. I have often seen a good sideboard, or a marble chimney-piece, though not actually put in the bill, inflame a reckoning confoundedly.
  6. (intransitive) To grow morbidly hot, congested, or painful; to become angry or incensed.

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Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

inflame

  1. First-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of inflamar
  2. Third-person singular (ele, ela, also used with tu and você?) present subjunctive of inflamar
  3. Third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of inflamar
  4. Third-person singular (você) negative imperative of inflamar

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

inflame

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of inflamar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of inflamar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of inflamar.