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From incolō (I dwell or abide in a place”, “I inhabit); the Old Latin form was *inquelō, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kʷel- (to turn). Compare incola (an inhabitant of a place”, “a resident”; “a foreign resident).



inquilīnus m (genitive inquilīnī); second declension

  1. a sojourner, tenant, lodger (an inhabitant of a place which is not his own)
    1. in literal use
    2. an inmate or lodger
  2. in figurative use. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative inquilīnus inquilīnī
Genitive inquilīnī inquilīnōrum
Dative inquilīnō inquilīnīs
Accusative inquilīnum inquilīnōs
Ablative inquilīnō inquilīnīs
Vocative inquilīne inquilīnī




inquilīnus (feminine inquilīna, neuter inquilīnum); first/second declension

  1. of foreign birth
    • 44–40 BC, Gaius Sallustius Crispus, Catilinae Coniuratio, chapter xxxi:
      Sed ubi ille adsedit Catilina, ut erat paratus ad dissimulanda omnia, demisso voltu, voce supplici postulare a patribus coepit, ne quid de se temere crederent: ea familia ortum, ita se ab adulescentia vitam instituisse, ut omnia bona in spe haberet; ne existumarent sibi, patricio homini, cuius ipsius atque maiorum pluruma beneficia in plebem Romanam essent, perdita re publica opus esse, cum eam servaret M. Tullius, inquilinus civis urbis Romae.
      When Cicero sat down, Catiline, being prepared to pretend ignorance of the whole matter, entreated, with downcast looks and suppliant voice, that “the Conscript Fathers would not too hastily believe any thing against him;” saying “that he was sprung from such a family, and had so ordered his life from his youth, as to have every happiness in prospect; and that they were not to suppose that he, a patrician, whose services to the Roman people, as well as those of his ancestors, had been so numerous, should want to ruin the state, when Marcus Tullius, a mere adopted citizen of Rome, was eager to preserve it.” ― translation from: John Selby Watson, Conspiracy of Catiline (1899 pub.), chapter xxxi


First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative inquilīnus inquilīna inquilīnum inquilīnī inquilīnae inquilīna
Genitive inquilīnī inquilīnae inquilīnī inquilīnōrum inquilīnārum inquilīnōrum
Dative inquilīnō inquilīnō inquilīnīs
Accusative inquilīnum inquilīnam inquilīnum inquilīnōs inquilīnās inquilīna
Ablative inquilīnō inquilīnā inquilīnō inquilīnīs
Vocative inquilīne inquilīna inquilīnum inquilīnī inquilīnae inquilīna