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From in- + voluntary, from Late Latin involontarius, from in + volontarius.
- (General American) IPA(key): /ɪnˈvɑl.ənˌtɛ.ɹi/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɪnˈvɒl.ən.tɹi/
Audio (RP) (file)
- Hyphenation: in‧vol‧un‧ta‧ry
involuntary (comparative more involuntary, superlative most involuntary)
- Without intention; unintentional.
- Not voluntary or willing; contrary or opposed to explicit will or desire; unwilling.
- He found himself the involuntary witness in the trial.
- (without intention): inadvertent, unintended; see also Thesaurus:unintentional
- (not voluntary): unbewised, unvoluntary; see also Thesaurus:compulsory
without intention; unintentional
not voluntary or willing
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
- “involuntary”, in The Century Dictionary […], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.
- “involuntary”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.