isthmus

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See also: Isthmus

English[edit]

An isthmus (narrow strip of land).

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin isthmus (a strip of land between two seas), from Ancient Greek ῐ̓σθμός (isthmós, neck, narrow passage), possibly from εἶμῐ (eîmi, to go). Cognate to Old Norse eið (isthmus).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɪs.məs/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪsməs

Noun[edit]

isthmus (plural isthmuses or isthmi)

  1. A narrow strip of land, bordered on both sides by water, and connecting two larger landmasses.
    Hyponym: Isthmus of Suez
  2. (anatomy) Any such narrow part connecting two larger structures.
    Hyponym: uterine isthmus
  3. (graph theory) An edge in a graph whose deletion increases the number of connected components of the graph.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Ancient Greek ῐ̓σθμός (isthmós, neck, narrow passage), possibly from εἶμῐ (eîmi, to go).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

isthmus m (genitive isthmī); second declension

  1. a strip of land between two seas; an isthmus
    1. (transferred sense, poetic) a strait
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Usage notes[edit]

  • Capitalised as Isthmus, it refers to the Isthmus of Corinth.

Inflection[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative isthmus isthmī
Genitive isthmī isthmōrum
Dative isthmō isthmīs
Accusative isthmum isthmōs
Ablative isthmō isthmīs
Vocative isthme isthmī

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • isthmus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette