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Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Indo-European *Hioudʰ, 'to move' (semantic shift: > 'to make move'). Cognate with Lithuanian judėti.[1]



iubeō ‎(present infinitive iubēre, perfect active iussī, supine iussum); second conjugation

  1. I command, order
    Cur non illam huc transferri iubes?
    Why don't you command her to be brought over hither?


   Conjugation of iubeo (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present iubeō iubēs iubet iubēmus iubētis iubent
imperfect iubēbam iubēbās iubēbat iubēbāmus iubēbātis iubēbant
future iubēbō iubēbis iubēbit iubēbimus iubēbitis iubēbunt
perfect iussī iussistī iussit iussimus iussistis iussērunt, iussēre
pluperfect iusseram iusserās iusserat iusserāmus iusserātis iusserant
future perfect iusserō iusseris iusserit iusserimus iusseritis iusserint
passive present iubeor iubēris, iubēre iubētur iubēmur iubēminī iubentur
imperfect iubēbar iubēbāris, iubēbāre iubēbātur iubēbāmur iubēbāminī iubēbantur
future iubēbor iubēberis, iubēbere iubēbitur iubēbimur iubēbiminī iubēbuntur
perfect iussus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect iussus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect iussus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present iubeam iubeās iubeat iubeāmus iubeātis iubeant
imperfect iubērem iubērēs iubēret iubērēmus iubērētis iubērent
perfect iusserim iusserīs iusserit iusserīmus iusserītis iusserint
pluperfect iussissem iussissēs iussisset iussissēmus iussissētis iussissent
passive present iubear iubeāris, iubeāre iubeātur iubeāmur iubeāminī iubeantur
imperfect iubērer iubērēris, iubērēre iubērētur iubērēmur iubērēminī iubērentur
perfect iussus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect iussus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present iubē iubēte
future iubētō iubētō iubētōte iubentō
passive present iubēre iubēminī
future iubētor iubētor iubentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives iubēre iussisse iussūrus esse iubērī iussus esse iussum īrī
participles iubēns iussūrus iussus iubendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
iubēre iubendī iubendō iubendum iussum iussū


Derived terms[edit]


  • jubeo” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill