iugum

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latin[edit]

bovēs cum iugō (oxen with yoke)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *jugom, from Proto-Indo-European *yugóm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

iugum n ‎(genitive iugī); second declension

  1. yoke (for oxen) or collar (for a horse)
  2. (by extension) a team of oxen
  3. beam or rail fastened perpendicular to a post
  4. a makeshift archway of three spears under which a vanquished enemy was made to pass in humiliation
  5. Libra (constellation)
  6. (nautical) rower's bench
  7. summit or ridge of a mountain
  8. (figuratively) bond (of slavery, matrimony, etc.)

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative iugum iuga
genitive iugī iugōrum
dative iugō iugīs
accusative iugum iuga
ablative iugō iugīs
vocative iugum iuga

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • iugum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • iugum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • IUGUM in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.iugum”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to submit to the yoke of slavery: iugum servitutis accipere
    • to shake off the yoke of slavery: iugum servitutis excutere
    • to shake off the yoke of slavery: iugum servile a cervicibus deicere (Phil. 1. 2. 6)
    • to deliver some one from slavery: iugum servile alicui demere
    • to deliver some one from slavery: ab aliquo servitutem or servitutis iugum depellere
    • (ambiguous) a perpetual spring: aqua iugis, perennis
  • iugum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers