jade

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See also: Jade, jáde, jäde, and jadę

English[edit]

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A jadeite ball

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French le jade, error for earlier l'ejade (jade), from Spanish piedra de ijada (flank stone), via Vulgar Latin *iliata from Latin ilia (flank) (Jade was thought to cure pains in the side.).[1]

Noun[edit]

jade (usually uncountable, plural jades)

  1. A semiprecious stone, either nephrite or jadeite, generally green or white in color, often used for carving figurines.
    • 2012 March 1, Lee A. Groat, “Gemstones”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, page 128:
      Although there are dozens of different types of gems, among the best known and most important are diamond, ruby and sapphire, emerald and other gem forms of the mineral beryl, chrysoberyl, tanzanite, tsavorite, topaz and jade.
  2. A bright shade of slightly bluish or greyish green, typical of polished jade stones.
    jade colour:  
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Adjective[edit]

jade (not comparable)

  1. Of a grayish shade of green, typical of jade stones.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English, either a variant of yaud[2] or merely influenced by it. Yaud derives from Old Norse jalda (mare), from a Uralic language, such as Moksha эльде (elʹde) or Erzya эльде (elʹde).[3][4] See yaud for more.

Noun[edit]

jade (plural jades)

  1. A horse too old to be put to work.
    • 1760, Laurence Sterne, The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman, London: R. & J. Dodsley, Volume I, Chapter 10, p. 36,[2]
      Let that be as it may, as my purpose is to do exact justice to every creature brought upon the stage of this dramatic work,—I could not stifle this distinction in favour of Don Quixote’s horse;—in all other points the parson’s horse, I say, was just such another,—for he was as lean, and as lank, and as sorry a jade, as HUMILITY herself could have bestrided.
    • 1817, Jane Austen, Northanger Abbey, Chapter 11,[3]
      My horse would have trotted to Clifton within the hour, if left to himself, and I have almost broke my arm with pulling him in to that cursed broken-winded jade’s pace.
  2. (especially pejorative) A bad-tempered or disreputable woman.
    • c. 1598, William Shakespeare, Much Ado about Nothing, Act I, Scene 1,[4]
      You always end with a jade’s trick: I know you of old.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, Dublin: John Smith, Volume I, Book I, Chapter 4, p. 14,[5]
      However, what she withheld from the Infant, she bestowed with the utmost Profuseness on the poor unknown Mother, whom she called an impudent Slut, a wanton Hussy, an audacious Harlot, a wicked Jade, a vile Strumpet, with every other Appellation with which the Tongue of Virtue never fails to lash those who bring a Disgrace on the Sex.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

jade (third-person singular simple present jades, present participle jading, simple past and past participle jaded)

  1. To tire, weary or fatigue
    • John Locke
      The mind, once jaded by an attempt above its power, [] checks at any vigorous undertaking ever after.
  2. (obsolete) To treat like a jade; to spurn.
  3. (obsolete) To make ridiculous and contemptible.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (to tire): For semantic relationships of this term, see tire in the Thesaurus.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ jade” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2017.
  2. ^ Eric Partridge, Origins: A Short Etymological Dictionary of Modern English ISBN 1134942168, 2006)
  3. ^ Per Thorson, Anglo-Norse studies: an inquiry into the Scandinavian elements in the modern English dialects, volume 1 (1936), page 52: "Yad sb. Sc Nhb Lakel Yks Lan, also in forms yaad, yaud, yawd, yoad, yod(e).... [jad, o] 'a work-horse, a mare' etc. ON jalda 'made', Sw. dial. jäldä, from Finnish elde (FT p. 319, Torp p. 156 fol.). Eng. jade is not related."
  4. ^ Saga Book of the Viking Society for Northern Research, page 18: "There is thus no etymological connection between ME. jāde MnE. jade and ME. jald MnE. dial. yaud etc. But the two words have influenced each other mutually, both formally and semantically."

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jade c (singular definite jaden, uncountable)

  1. (mineralogy) jade

Finnish[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jade

  1. (mineralogy) jade

Declension[edit]

Inflection of jade (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
nominative jade jadet
genitive jaden jadejen
partitive jadea jadeja
illative jadeen jadeihin
singular plural
nominative jade jadet
accusative nom. jade jadet
gen. jaden
genitive jaden jadejen
jadeinrare
partitive jadea jadeja
inessive jadessa jadeissa
elative jadesta jadeista
illative jadeen jadeihin
adessive jadella jadeilla
ablative jadelta jadeilta
allative jadelle jadeille
essive jadena jadeina
translative jadeksi jadeiksi
instructive jadein
abessive jadetta jadeitta
comitative jadeineen

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Mistaken for earlier l'ejade (jade), from Spanish piedra de ijada (flank stone), via Vulgar Latin *iliata from Latin ilia (flank) (jade was thought to cure pains in the side).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jade m (plural jades)

  1. jade

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French le jade, error for earlier l'ejade (jade), from Spanish piedra de ijada (flank stone), via Vulgar Latin *iliata from Latin ilia (flank) (jade was thought to cure pains in the side).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jade m (plural jades)

  1. jade (gem)

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

From French le jade, error for earlier l'ejade (jade), from Spanish piedra de ijada (flank stone), via Vulgar Latin *iliata from Latin ilia (flank) (jade was thought to cure pains in the side).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jade m (plural jades)

  1. (mineralogy) jade

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]