joku

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Borôro[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdʒoo̥kʷuu̥/

Noun[edit]

joku

  1. eye

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • From the pronoun stems jo- and ku-.

Pronoun[edit]

joku

  1. (indefinite) someone, somebody:
  2. (indefinite, colloquial) something:
    • joku muu = "something else" and "somebody else"
  3. (indefinite, colloquial, adjectival) one, a, any:
  4. ~ muu = other (not the one previously referred to).

Inflection[edit]

  • Case suffixes are regular. Both the parts get the case suffix. Some cases are practically never used (those forms are in brackets in the table). The lative and causative cases are used as adverbs with completely different meanings than "some" or "someone".

Usage notes[edit]

  • In colloquial Finnish, the paradigms of jokin (used of non-human referents in the standard language) and joku (for human referents) have merged. Thus, colloquially, the word joku is used for the nominative singular and its plural form jotkut is used for the nominative plural when referring to both human and non-human referents, but for all other case categories, the forms originating in the paradigm of jokin are used. This leads to the following pairs:
    joku mies / jollekin miehelle
    some man / to some man
    joku pöytä / jollekin pöydälle
    some table / onto some table
    (colloquial; compare with the forms in the standard language:)
    joku mies / jollekulle miehelle
    (meanings as above)
    jokin pöytä / jollekin pöydälle
    (meanings as above)

Related terms[edit]

Pronouns with same stems:

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

joku

  1. rōmaji reading of じょく

Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

joku m

  1. accusative singular form of joks
  2. instrumental singular form of joks
  3. genitive plural form of joks