jumbo

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A c. 1882 poster published by the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus showing Jumbo the elephant and his keeper Matthew Scott

From Jumbo (1860–1885), the name given to a large African elephant from East Africa that was purchased in 1882 by American showman P. T. Barnum (1810–1891) for the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus. Compare Swahili jambo (matter, thing) and jumbe (chief, headman).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

jumbo (not comparable)

  1. Especially large or powerful.
    • 1919 May 1, The Peanut Promoter, volume 2, number 6:
      At Bucyrus, Ohio, M. C. Coulter this season has demonstrated that he can grow a nice crop of the jumbo variety of peanuts.
    • 1941, Harold Johnson Clay, Marketing Peanuts and Peanut Products, page 58:
      Of the receipts of unshelled peanuts only a few extras are now being bought, the remainder being divided rather equally between jumbo and fancy grades.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

jumbo (plural jumbos)

  1. An especially large or powerful person, animal or thing.
  2. (engineering) A platform-mounted drilling rig.
    • 1937, Engineering News Record, volume 119:
      The drilling jumbo carried all the posts and bars necessary for the mounting in any desired position of five automatic feed drifer drills.
    • 1946, Mine and Quarry Engineering, volume 11-12, page 67:
      The curtailment of drilling because of a disruption of the loading cycle is far less likely with the jumbo than with post and tripod drilling, because from three to five working places are available to the jumbo, whereas only one or, at the most, two faces can be worked by one crew with the old method.

Translations[edit]

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Finnish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

jumbo (not comparable)

  1. (informal) last (especially in a competition)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of jumbo (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative jumbo jumbot
genitive jumbon jumbojen
partitive jumboa jumboja
illative jumboon jumboihin
singular plural
nominative jumbo jumbot
accusative nom. jumbo jumbot
gen. jumbon
genitive jumbon jumbojen
partitive jumboa jumboja
inessive jumbossa jumboissa
elative jumbosta jumboista
illative jumboon jumboihin
adessive jumbolla jumboilla
ablative jumbolta jumboilta
allative jumbolle jumboille
essive jumbona jumboina
translative jumboksi jumboiksi
instructive jumboin
abessive jumbotta jumboitta
comitative jumboine

Noun[edit]

jumbo

  1. jumbo jet

Declension[edit]

Inflection of jumbo (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative jumbo jumbot
genitive jumbon jumbojen
partitive jumboa jumboja
illative jumboon jumboihin
singular plural
nominative jumbo jumbot
accusative nom. jumbo jumbot
gen. jumbon
genitive jumbon jumbojen
partitive jumboa jumboja
inessive jumbossa jumboissa
elative jumbosta jumboista
illative jumboon jumboihin
adessive jumbolla jumboilla
ablative jumbolta jumboilta
allative jumbolle jumboille
essive jumbona jumboina
translative jumboksi jumboiksi
instructive jumboin
abessive jumbotta jumboitta
comitative jumboineen

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English jumbo ("An especially large or powerful person, animal or thing").

Noun[edit]

jumbo m (definite singular jumboen, indefinite plural jumboer, definite plural jumboene)

  1. a person or team that finishes last (in competitions)
    Bli jumboCome last

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Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English jumbo ("An especially large or powerful person, animal or thing").

Noun[edit]

jumbo m (definite singular jumboen, indefinite plural jumboar, definite plural jumboane)

  1. a person or team that finishes last (in competitions)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]