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Middle Persian[edit]


From Old Persian 𐎣𐎠𐎼 (k-a-r /kāra-/, the people, army), from Proto-Indo-European *ker- (army).

Akin to Manichaean Parthian kʾrwʾn(kārwān, army on the march, army). Compare Sanskrit करभ (karabha, camel)


kʾlwʾn' (kārawān)

  1. military column
  2. caravan

Derived terms[edit]



  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “kārawān”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “կարաւան”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 547
  • Klein, Dr. Ernest, A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the English Language, Amsterdam: Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co., 1971