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  • IPA(key): /kaɫ.dɯɾˈmak/
  • Hyphenation: kal‧dır‧mak

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish قالدرمق (kaldırmak, to lift up, raise, pick up, set up, erect, carry, wake up, take away, abrogate), causative form of Proto-Turkic *Kạl(ï)- (to rise,jump up).[1] Clauson thinks the Turkish form is rather crasis of *kalk-tur-,[2] where -tur is causative suffix. See kalkmak.


kaldırmak (third-person singular simple present kaldırır)

  1. (transitive) to lift up, raise, elevate
    Cevap vermek isteyen el kaldırsın.
    Raise your hand if you want to answer.
  2. (transitive) to make (someone) stand up; to get someone up (from bed)
    Kaldır babanı. Yoksa işe geç kalacak.
    Get your dad up. Otherwise he'll be late for work.
  3. (transitive) to remove, take away, to put something away or out of reach
  4. (transitive) to bear, endure, tolerate (someone's words or behavior)
    Artık bunu daha fazla kaldıramıyorum!
    I can't take this anymore!
  5. (transitive) to abolish, do away with
  6. (transitive, slang) to swipe, make off with, steal, lift
  7. (transitive, computing, of a gaming device or computer) to be able to run or operate a software, video game etc.
    Senin bilgisayarın bu oyunu kaldırmaz.
    I don't think that your computer is capable of running this game.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]


kaldırmak (third-person singular simple present kaldırır)

  1. causative of kalmak
Usage notes[edit]
  • The expected causative form of kalmak but because of the already existing verb, kaldırmak, it is usually avoided to prevent confusion and the sentence is rephrased.


  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei, Dybo, Anna, Mudrak, Oleg (2003) “*Kạl(ɨ)-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  2. ^ Clauson, Gerard (1972) “kaltur-”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 619